חיפוש מתקדם

J.D. Anderson and Morris Lieberman

Supraoptimal concentrations of indoleacetic acid (IAA) stimulated ethylene production, which in turn appeared to oppose the senescence-retarding effect of IAA in tobacco leaf discs. Kinetin acted synergistically with IAA in stimulating ethylene production, but it inhibited senescence. Silver ion and CO2, which are believed to block ethylene binding to its receptor sites, delayed senescence in terms of chlorophyll loss and stimulated ethylene production. Both effects of Ag+ were considerably greater than those of CO2. IAA, kinetin, CO2, and Ag+, combined, acted to increase ethylene production further. Although this combination increased ethylene production about 160-fold over that of the control, it inhibited senescence. Treatment with 25 μl/l of ethylene in the presence of IAA enhanced chlorophyll loss in leaf discs and inhibited by about 90% the conversion of l-[3,4-14C] methionine to 14C2H4 suggesting autoinhibition of ethylene production.

The results suggest that ethylene biosynthesis in leaves is controlled by hormones, especially auxin, and possibly the rate of ethylene production depends, via a feedback control system, on the rates of ethylene binding at its receptor sites.

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Production and Action of Ethylene in Senescing Leaf Discs
64

J.D. Anderson and Morris Lieberman

Production and Action of Ethylene in Senescing Leaf Discs

Supraoptimal concentrations of indoleacetic acid (IAA) stimulated ethylene production, which in turn appeared to oppose the senescence-retarding effect of IAA in tobacco leaf discs. Kinetin acted synergistically with IAA in stimulating ethylene production, but it inhibited senescence. Silver ion and CO2, which are believed to block ethylene binding to its receptor sites, delayed senescence in terms of chlorophyll loss and stimulated ethylene production. Both effects of Ag+ were considerably greater than those of CO2. IAA, kinetin, CO2, and Ag+, combined, acted to increase ethylene production further. Although this combination increased ethylene production about 160-fold over that of the control, it inhibited senescence. Treatment with 25 μl/l of ethylene in the presence of IAA enhanced chlorophyll loss in leaf discs and inhibited by about 90% the conversion of l-[3,4-14C] methionine to 14C2H4 suggesting autoinhibition of ethylene production.

The results suggest that ethylene biosynthesis in leaves is controlled by hormones, especially auxin, and possibly the rate of ethylene production depends, via a feedback control system, on the rates of ethylene binding at its receptor sites.

Scientific Publication
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