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Bioresource Technology

Yonas Zeslase Belete
Vivian Mau
Reut Yahav Spitzer
Roy Posmanik
David Jassby
Arpita Iddya
Nazih Kassem
Jefferson W. Tester
Amit Gross

Hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) of raw and anaerobically digested (AD) manure with either water or whey was studied, with the goal of recovering energy and nutrients. Specifically, the impacts of HTC reaction temperature (180–240 °C), solid feedstock, and type of liquid on hydrochar quality and aqueous phase properties were tested. Of the hydrochars produced, the calorific value of whey-based hydrochar was the highest, (19.4 and 16.0 MJ/kg for manure and digestate, respectively). Overall, the net energy gain was higher for HTC of manure with whey (7.4–8.3 MJ/kg dry feedstock) and water (4.4–5.1 MJ/kg) compared to the combined AD-HTC process with whey (4.4–5.3 MJ/kg) and water (2.3–2.9 MJ/kg). Digestate-derived hydrochar contained up to 1.8% P, higher than manure-derived hydrochar (≤1.5%). Using whey as a liquid for HTC increased the aqueous-phase N-P-K concentrations up to 3,200, 410, and 7,900 mg/L, respectively, suggesting its potential use as a liquid fertilizer.

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Hydrothermal carbonization of anaerobic digestate and manure from a dairy farm on energy recovery and the fate of nutrients
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Yonas Zeslase Belete
Vivian Mau
Reut Yahav Spitzer
Roy Posmanik
David Jassby
Arpita Iddya
Nazih Kassem
Jefferson W. Tester
Amit Gross

Hydrothermal carbonization of anaerobic digestate and manure from a dairy farm on energy recovery and the fate of nutrients

Hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) of raw and anaerobically digested (AD) manure with either water or whey was studied, with the goal of recovering energy and nutrients. Specifically, the impacts of HTC reaction temperature (180–240 °C), solid feedstock, and type of liquid on hydrochar quality and aqueous phase properties were tested. Of the hydrochars produced, the calorific value of whey-based hydrochar was the highest, (19.4 and 16.0 MJ/kg for manure and digestate, respectively). Overall, the net energy gain was higher for HTC of manure with whey (7.4–8.3 MJ/kg dry feedstock) and water (4.4–5.1 MJ/kg) compared to the combined AD-HTC process with whey (4.4–5.3 MJ/kg) and water (2.3–2.9 MJ/kg). Digestate-derived hydrochar contained up to 1.8% P, higher than manure-derived hydrochar (≤1.5%). Using whey as a liquid for HTC increased the aqueous-phase N-P-K concentrations up to 3,200, 410, and 7,900 mg/L, respectively, suggesting its potential use as a liquid fertilizer.

Scientific Publication
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