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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
AaPKAc Regulates Differentiation of Infection Structures Induced by Physicochemical Signals From Pear Fruit Cuticular Wax, Secondary Metabolism, and Pathogenicity of Alternaria alternata
Year:
2021
Source of publication :
Frontiers in Plant Science
Authors :
פרוסקי, דב
;
.
Volume :
Co-Authors:

Miao Zhang 

Yongcai Li 

Tiaolan Wang 

Yang Bi 

Rong Li

Yi Huang

Renyan Mao

Qianqian Jiang 

Yongxiang Liu

Dov B Prusky

Facilitators :
From page:
0
To page:
0
(
Total pages:
1
)
Abstract:

Alternaria alternata, the casual agent of black rot of pear fruit, can sense and respond to the physicochemical cues from the host surface and form infection structures during infection. To evaluate the role of cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase (cAMP-PKA) signaling in surface sensing of A. alternata, we isolated and functionally characterized the cyclic adenosine monophosphate-dependent protein kinase A catalytic subunit gene (AaPKAc). Gene expression results showed that AaPKAc was strongly expressed during the early stages of appressorium formation on hydrophobic surfaces. Knockout mutants ΔAaPKAc were generated by replacing the target genes via homologous recombination events. We found that intracellular cAMP content increased but PKA content decreased in ΔAaPKAc mutant strain. Appressorium formation and infection hyphae were reduced in the ΔAaPKAc mutant strain, and the ability of the ΔAaPKAc mutant strain to recognize and respond to high hydrophobicity surfaces and different surface waxes was lower than in the wild type (WT) strain. In comparison with the WT strain, the appressorium formation rate of the ΔAaPKAc mutant strain on high hydrophobicity and fruit wax extract surface was reduced by 31.6 and 49.3% 4 h after incubation, respectively. In addition, AaPKAc is required for the hypha growth, biomass, pathogenicity, and toxin production of A. alternata. However, AaPKAc negatively regulated conidia formation, melanin production, and osmotic stress resistance. Collectively, AaPKAc is required for pre-penetration, developmental, physiological, and pathological processes in A. alternata.

Note:
Related Files :
Alternaria alternata
Hydrophobicity
pear
PKA protein kinase
virulence
wax
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.3389/fpls.2021.642601
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
PubMed
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
55015
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
19/05/2021 12:39
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Scientific Publication
AaPKAc Regulates Differentiation of Infection Structures Induced by Physicochemical Signals From Pear Fruit Cuticular Wax, Secondary Metabolism, and Pathogenicity of Alternaria alternata

Miao Zhang 

Yongcai Li 

Tiaolan Wang 

Yang Bi 

Rong Li

Yi Huang

Renyan Mao

Qianqian Jiang 

Yongxiang Liu

Dov B Prusky

AaPKAc Regulates Differentiation of Infection Structures Induced by Physicochemical Signals From Pear Fruit Cuticular Wax, Secondary Metabolism, and Pathogenicity of Alternaria alternata

Alternaria alternata, the casual agent of black rot of pear fruit, can sense and respond to the physicochemical cues from the host surface and form infection structures during infection. To evaluate the role of cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase (cAMP-PKA) signaling in surface sensing of A. alternata, we isolated and functionally characterized the cyclic adenosine monophosphate-dependent protein kinase A catalytic subunit gene (AaPKAc). Gene expression results showed that AaPKAc was strongly expressed during the early stages of appressorium formation on hydrophobic surfaces. Knockout mutants ΔAaPKAc were generated by replacing the target genes via homologous recombination events. We found that intracellular cAMP content increased but PKA content decreased in ΔAaPKAc mutant strain. Appressorium formation and infection hyphae were reduced in the ΔAaPKAc mutant strain, and the ability of the ΔAaPKAc mutant strain to recognize and respond to high hydrophobicity surfaces and different surface waxes was lower than in the wild type (WT) strain. In comparison with the WT strain, the appressorium formation rate of the ΔAaPKAc mutant strain on high hydrophobicity and fruit wax extract surface was reduced by 31.6 and 49.3% 4 h after incubation, respectively. In addition, AaPKAc is required for the hypha growth, biomass, pathogenicity, and toxin production of A. alternata. However, AaPKAc negatively regulated conidia formation, melanin production, and osmotic stress resistance. Collectively, AaPKAc is required for pre-penetration, developmental, physiological, and pathological processes in A. alternata.

Scientific Publication
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