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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Vulnerability of Mediterranean grasslands to climate change: what can we learn from a long-term experiment?
Year:
2010
Source of publication :
Options mediterraneennes
Authors :
הנקין, זלמן
;
.
פרבולוצקי, אבי
;
.
Volume :
92A
Co-Authors:

Sternberg, M.

Facilitators :
From page:
167
To page:
174
(
Total pages:
8
)
Abstract:

Species diversity in Mediterranean grasslands could be seriously affected in the proximate future by significant changes in climate, as predicted by climate change models for the Mediterranean basin. These models forecast a reduction in precipitation, changes in seasonal rainfall distribution and a decrease in predictability. These changes can also affect the structure, production and composition of Mediterranean grasslands, particularly those that serve as rangelands. Here we present a long-term study (16 years) in Mediterranean grassland in Israel that aimed to evaluate the responses of plant species, plant functional groups and the plant community to different management regimes of cattle grazing. We examined the effects of precipitation change on the structure of the herbaceous community in order to understand the potential role of climate change. The results showed: (i) a decrease in peak standing biomass with decreasing annual rainfall; (ii) rainfall distribution and quantity played an important role in determining species composition -dry years favoured thistles and crucifers while wet years favoured legumes; (iii) grazing significantly reduced the cover of tall grasses; and (iv) that as yearly rainfall increased, stocking density had an additional negative effect on species diversity. Despite significant changes in rainfall amount and cattle grazing pressure along the studied period, the studied Mediterranean grassland showed a highly resilient response to all environmental variations. The perennial herbaceous component of these communities buffers against drastic changes in community structure and causes the eastern-Mediterranean grassland to become potentially less vulnerable to climate change.

Note:
Related Files :
cattle
climate change
Grazing
Mediterranean grasslands
Mediterranean region (site)
pastures / grazing
rangelands
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
55035
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
20/05/2021 13:25
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Scientific Publication
Vulnerability of Mediterranean grasslands to climate change: what can we learn from a long-term experiment?
92A

Sternberg, M.

Vulnerability of Mediterranean grasslands to climate change: what can we learn from a long-term experiment?

Species diversity in Mediterranean grasslands could be seriously affected in the proximate future by significant changes in climate, as predicted by climate change models for the Mediterranean basin. These models forecast a reduction in precipitation, changes in seasonal rainfall distribution and a decrease in predictability. These changes can also affect the structure, production and composition of Mediterranean grasslands, particularly those that serve as rangelands. Here we present a long-term study (16 years) in Mediterranean grassland in Israel that aimed to evaluate the responses of plant species, plant functional groups and the plant community to different management regimes of cattle grazing. We examined the effects of precipitation change on the structure of the herbaceous community in order to understand the potential role of climate change. The results showed: (i) a decrease in peak standing biomass with decreasing annual rainfall; (ii) rainfall distribution and quantity played an important role in determining species composition -dry years favoured thistles and crucifers while wet years favoured legumes; (iii) grazing significantly reduced the cover of tall grasses; and (iv) that as yearly rainfall increased, stocking density had an additional negative effect on species diversity. Despite significant changes in rainfall amount and cattle grazing pressure along the studied period, the studied Mediterranean grassland showed a highly resilient response to all environmental variations. The perennial herbaceous component of these communities buffers against drastic changes in community structure and causes the eastern-Mediterranean grassland to become potentially less vulnerable to climate change.

Scientific Publication
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