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Agronomy (Switzerland)
Jean-Frédéric Terral

 Vincent Bonhomme

Clémence Pagnoux

Sarah Ivorra

Claire Newton

Laure Paradis

Mohammed Ater

Jalal Kassout

Bertrand Limier

Laurent Bouby

Fiona Cornet

Oz Barazani

Arnon Dag

Ehud Galili

 

The first exploited and domesticated olive forms are still unknown. The exceptionally well-preserved stones from the submerged Hishuley Carmel site (Israel), dating from the middle of the 7th millennium BP, offer us the opportunity to study the oldest table olives discovered so far. We apply a geometrical morphometric analysis in reference to a collection of modern stones from supposed wild populations and traditional varieties of various origins, genetic lineages and uses. Analyses carried out on modern material allow to characterize the extent of stone morphological variation in the olive tree and differentiate distinct morphotypes. They also allow to discuss the status of supposed wild populations and interpret the divergence between groups of varieties and their wild progenitors in an evolutionary and biogeographical perspective. Shape of archaeological stones compared to the differentiation model, unveils morphological traits of olives most likely belonging to both wild olive trees and domesticated forms, some of them showing a notable domestication syndrome. This forms at the early stages of domestications, some of which surprisingly morphologically close to modern varieties, were probably used for dual use (production of olive oil and table olives), and possibly contributed to the dispersion of the olive tree throughout the Mediterranean Basin and to its subsequent diversification.

פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
הספר "אוצר וולקני"
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תנאי שימוש
Shape diversity of olive stone, resulting from domestication and diversification, unveils traits of the oldest known, 6500-years-old table olives from hishuley carmel site (Israel)
11
Jean-Frédéric Terral

 Vincent Bonhomme

Clémence Pagnoux

Sarah Ivorra

Claire Newton

Laure Paradis

Mohammed Ater

Jalal Kassout

Bertrand Limier

Laurent Bouby

Fiona Cornet

Oz Barazani

Arnon Dag

Ehud Galili

 

Shape diversity of olive stone, resulting from domestication and diversification, unveils traits of the oldest known, 6500-years-old table olives from hishuley carmel site (Israel)

The first exploited and domesticated olive forms are still unknown. The exceptionally well-preserved stones from the submerged Hishuley Carmel site (Israel), dating from the middle of the 7th millennium BP, offer us the opportunity to study the oldest table olives discovered so far. We apply a geometrical morphometric analysis in reference to a collection of modern stones from supposed wild populations and traditional varieties of various origins, genetic lineages and uses. Analyses carried out on modern material allow to characterize the extent of stone morphological variation in the olive tree and differentiate distinct morphotypes. They also allow to discuss the status of supposed wild populations and interpret the divergence between groups of varieties and their wild progenitors in an evolutionary and biogeographical perspective. Shape of archaeological stones compared to the differentiation model, unveils morphological traits of olives most likely belonging to both wild olive trees and domesticated forms, some of them showing a notable domestication syndrome. This forms at the early stages of domestications, some of which surprisingly morphologically close to modern varieties, were probably used for dual use (production of olive oil and table olives), and possibly contributed to the dispersion of the olive tree throughout the Mediterranean Basin and to its subsequent diversification.

Scientific Publication
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