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חיפוש מתקדם
Journal of Soil Science

M. Ben-Yair

By their chemical composition, the colloids from various types of soils in Israel may be grouped into three classes. According to their mineralogical composition the colloids represent various associations, two of which are conspicuous.

(a) Colloids with SiO2/R2O3 ratio of 2.0–2.6. They are devoid of calcium carbonate, relatively poor in potassium and phosphorus, and content of organic matter is generally moderate. In the combination of clay minerals found, kaolin is predominant; in addition there are present illite, hematite, quartz, and, in some instances, montmorillonite. These colloids are characteristic of soils belonging to the Mediterranean red earths including terra rossas, brown Mediterranean soils, and brown-red sandy soils-leached soils of the humid and sub-humid regions, formed from hard limestone, dolomite, hard chalk, and kurkar.

(b) Colloids with SiO2/R2O3 ratio of 3.6–5.2. Rich in calcium carbonate, potassium, and phosphorus, relatively poor in organic matter. In the association of clay minerals, montmorillonite is predominant; in addition there are also present illite, kaolin, and quartz. In some instances attapulgite was identified in appreciable quantities. The colloids also contain considerable quantities of calcite. The soils for which these colloids are characteristic were formed from soft chalk, marl, aeolian desert dust, and are found principally in the semi-arid and arid regions of Israel. They include rendzinas of the mountains and valleys, loess, aeolian sandy soils, and hamadas.

(c) Colloids with SiO2/R2O3 ratio of 3.4–3.8. Most of them contain calcium carbonate, their potassium content is moderate, and they are relatively poor in phosphorus and organic matter. By their mineralogical composition these colloids resemble the combination in which montmorillonite is the principal clay mineral. They are characteristic of alluvial soils formed from alluvium of the Mediterranean red earths and rendzinas. The soils were developed under subhumid and semi-arid climatic conditions.

The article was published also in Hebrew in 1959 in: Ktavim no. 9, pp. 3-13.

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COMPOSITION OF COLLOIDS IN THE SOILS OF ISRAEL
11

M. Ben-Yair

COMPOSITION OF COLLOIDS IN THE SOILS OF ISRAEL

By their chemical composition, the colloids from various types of soils in Israel may be grouped into three classes. According to their mineralogical composition the colloids represent various associations, two of which are conspicuous.

(a) Colloids with SiO2/R2O3 ratio of 2.0–2.6. They are devoid of calcium carbonate, relatively poor in potassium and phosphorus, and content of organic matter is generally moderate. In the combination of clay minerals found, kaolin is predominant; in addition there are present illite, hematite, quartz, and, in some instances, montmorillonite. These colloids are characteristic of soils belonging to the Mediterranean red earths including terra rossas, brown Mediterranean soils, and brown-red sandy soils-leached soils of the humid and sub-humid regions, formed from hard limestone, dolomite, hard chalk, and kurkar.

(b) Colloids with SiO2/R2O3 ratio of 3.6–5.2. Rich in calcium carbonate, potassium, and phosphorus, relatively poor in organic matter. In the association of clay minerals, montmorillonite is predominant; in addition there are also present illite, kaolin, and quartz. In some instances attapulgite was identified in appreciable quantities. The colloids also contain considerable quantities of calcite. The soils for which these colloids are characteristic were formed from soft chalk, marl, aeolian desert dust, and are found principally in the semi-arid and arid regions of Israel. They include rendzinas of the mountains and valleys, loess, aeolian sandy soils, and hamadas.

(c) Colloids with SiO2/R2O3 ratio of 3.4–3.8. Most of them contain calcium carbonate, their potassium content is moderate, and they are relatively poor in phosphorus and organic matter. By their mineralogical composition these colloids resemble the combination in which montmorillonite is the principal clay mineral. They are characteristic of alluvial soils formed from alluvium of the Mediterranean red earths and rendzinas. The soils were developed under subhumid and semi-arid climatic conditions.

The article was published also in Hebrew in 1959 in: Ktavim no. 9, pp. 3-13.

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