חיפוש מתקדם
Journal of Apicultural Research

Rya Seltzer

Paz Kahanov

Yosef Kamer

Amots Hetzroni

Małgorzata Bieńkowsk

Abraham Hefetz

Victoria Soroker

Honey bees are exposed to a variety of risk factors, among which the ectoparasitic mite Varroa destructor and its associated viruses are considered to be the most significant problem worldwide. It has been widely recognized that honey bee stocks resistant to mites are an essential part of any sustainable long-term management of Varroa. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of hygienic behavior in a local population of honey bees in reducing Varroa infestation. A bi-directional selection for high and low rates of hygienic behavior was carried out in Israel using either artificially inseminated or naturally mated queens. Colonies were screened for performance including population size, honey production, levels of Varroa infestation, and the level of hygienic behavior. Furthermore, we examined the costs and benefits of the selection, and possible trade-offs, using the above measurements of colony performance to ensure their productivity. The selection process revealed that the trait is heritable. The maternal phenotype has a significant effect on Varroa load, as colonies founded by hygienic daughter queens showed a significantly lower parasite load. No major trade-offs were found between the rate of hygienic behavior, honey yield, and population size. Measuring the direct benefits of hygienic behavior through colony performance suggests that breeding for this trait makes bees more resistant to Varroa destructor. These results are promising for our successful local bee breeding programs in a Mediterranean climate.

פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
הספר "אוצר וולקני"
אודות
תנאי שימוש
The payoffs and tradeoffs of hygienic behavior: a five year field study on a local population of honey bees

Rya Seltzer

Paz Kahanov

Yosef Kamer

Amots Hetzroni

Małgorzata Bieńkowsk

Abraham Hefetz

Victoria Soroker

The payoffs and tradeoffs of hygienic behavior: a five year field study on a local population of honey bees

Honey bees are exposed to a variety of risk factors, among which the ectoparasitic mite Varroa destructor and its associated viruses are considered to be the most significant problem worldwide. It has been widely recognized that honey bee stocks resistant to mites are an essential part of any sustainable long-term management of Varroa. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of hygienic behavior in a local population of honey bees in reducing Varroa infestation. A bi-directional selection for high and low rates of hygienic behavior was carried out in Israel using either artificially inseminated or naturally mated queens. Colonies were screened for performance including population size, honey production, levels of Varroa infestation, and the level of hygienic behavior. Furthermore, we examined the costs and benefits of the selection, and possible trade-offs, using the above measurements of colony performance to ensure their productivity. The selection process revealed that the trait is heritable. The maternal phenotype has a significant effect on Varroa load, as colonies founded by hygienic daughter queens showed a significantly lower parasite load. No major trade-offs were found between the rate of hygienic behavior, honey yield, and population size. Measuring the direct benefits of hygienic behavior through colony performance suggests that breeding for this trait makes bees more resistant to Varroa destructor. These results are promising for our successful local bee breeding programs in a Mediterranean climate.

Scientific Publication
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