Phytopathology

Noa Zecharia
Helena Krasnov
Miri Vanunu
Andreina I Castillo
Ami Haberman
Orit Dror
Lera Vakel
Rodrigo Almeida
Lior Blank
Dani Shtienberg 
Ofir Bahar  

Diseases caused by the insect-transmitted bacterium Xylella fastidiosa have been reported in the Americas since the 19th century, causing diseases such as Pierce's disease of grapevine, almond leaf scorch (ALS), and citrus variegated chlorosis. In the last decade X. fastidiosa was reported from different parts of the world, most notably from southern Italy infecting olives. In 2017, X. fastidiosa was reported to be associated with ALS symptoms in Israel. Here, we investigated the causal agent of ALS in Israel, its genetic diversity and host range, and characterized the temporal and spatial distribution of the disease. X. fastidiosa subsp. fastidiosa sequence type 1 was isolated from symptomatic almond trees and was used to infect almond and grapevine by mechanical inoculation. The pathogen however did not infect olive, peach, cherry, plum, nectarine, clementine, and grapefruit plants. Genomic analysis of local isolates revealed that the local population is derived from a single introduction, and that they are closely related to X. fastidiosa strains from grapevines in California. Distribution analyses revealed that ALS did not expand from 2017 to 2019; however, since 2020, newly symptomatic trees appeared in the tested orchards. Symptomatic trees were located primarily in clusters, and symptoms tended to spread within rows. Our study confirms that X. fastidiosa is the causal agent of ALS in Israel and describes its genetic and host range characteristics. While there is no clear evidence yet for the identity of the vectors in Israel, ALS spread continues to threat the almond and grapevine industries.

פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
הספר "אוצר וולקני"
אודות
תנאי שימוש
Xylella fastidiosa outbreak in Israel: population genetics, host range and temporal and spatial distribution analysis

Noa Zecharia
Helena Krasnov
Miri Vanunu
Andreina I Castillo
Ami Haberman
Orit Dror
Lera Vakel
Rodrigo Almeida
Lior Blank
Dani Shtienberg 
Ofir Bahar  

Xylella fastidiosa outbreak in Israel: population genetics, host range and temporal and spatial distribution analysis

Diseases caused by the insect-transmitted bacterium Xylella fastidiosa have been reported in the Americas since the 19th century, causing diseases such as Pierce's disease of grapevine, almond leaf scorch (ALS), and citrus variegated chlorosis. In the last decade X. fastidiosa was reported from different parts of the world, most notably from southern Italy infecting olives. In 2017, X. fastidiosa was reported to be associated with ALS symptoms in Israel. Here, we investigated the causal agent of ALS in Israel, its genetic diversity and host range, and characterized the temporal and spatial distribution of the disease. X. fastidiosa subsp. fastidiosa sequence type 1 was isolated from symptomatic almond trees and was used to infect almond and grapevine by mechanical inoculation. The pathogen however did not infect olive, peach, cherry, plum, nectarine, clementine, and grapefruit plants. Genomic analysis of local isolates revealed that the local population is derived from a single introduction, and that they are closely related to X. fastidiosa strains from grapevines in California. Distribution analyses revealed that ALS did not expand from 2017 to 2019; however, since 2020, newly symptomatic trees appeared in the tested orchards. Symptomatic trees were located primarily in clusters, and symptoms tended to spread within rows. Our study confirms that X. fastidiosa is the causal agent of ALS in Israel and describes its genetic and host range characteristics. While there is no clear evidence yet for the identity of the vectors in Israel, ALS spread continues to threat the almond and grapevine industries.

Scientific Publication