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Nematology

Yuji OKA
Bat-Hen BEN-DANIEL
Yigal COHEN

The number of second-stage juveniles of Meloidogyne javanica in sand was greatly reduced by mixing in leaf powder of Inula viscosa at a concentrationof 0.1% (w/w). Powder from other plant parts, except the root, also showed nematicidal activity. Fresh shootsincorporatedinto the sand showed less of a nematicidal effect. An aqueous extract of the leaf powder exhibited slight nematicidal activity against the nematode, whereas its extracts with organic solventsshowed stronger activity. M. javanica was most sensitive to the leaf powder, followed by Tylenchulussemipenetrans, while Aphelenchus avenae, Ditylenchus dipsaci and Pratylenchus mediterraneus were much less, or not at all affected. Acetone extracts of the fresh and dry leaves yielded two fractions with nematicidal activity by column chromatography. One nematicidal fraction contained a mixture of costic and isocostic acid. This mixture, presumably located in the outside of the shoots,showed nematicidal activity toward M. javanica at a concentration of 50 mg/kg sand.

פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
הספר "אוצר וולקני"
אודות
תנאי שימוש
Nematicidal activity of powder and extracts of Inula viscosa
3

Yuji OKA
Bat-Hen BEN-DANIEL
Yigal COHEN

The number of second-stage juveniles of Meloidogyne javanica in sand was greatly reduced by mixing in leaf powder of Inula viscosa at a concentrationof 0.1% (w/w). Powder from other plant parts, except the root, also showed nematicidal activity. Fresh shootsincorporatedinto the sand showed less of a nematicidal effect. An aqueous extract of the leaf powder exhibited slight nematicidal activity against the nematode, whereas its extracts with organic solventsshowed stronger activity. M. javanica was most sensitive to the leaf powder, followed by Tylenchulussemipenetrans, while Aphelenchus avenae, Ditylenchus dipsaci and Pratylenchus mediterraneus were much less, or not at all affected. Acetone extracts of the fresh and dry leaves yielded two fractions with nematicidal activity by column chromatography. One nematicidal fraction contained a mixture of costic and isocostic acid. This mixture, presumably located in the outside of the shoots,showed nematicidal activity toward M. javanica at a concentration of 50 mg/kg sand.

Scientific Publication
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