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פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
Evaluating and improving soil water and salinity stress response functions for root water uptake
Year:
2023
Source of publication :
Agricultural Water Management
Authors :
בן-גל, אלון
;
.
Volume :
287
Co-Authors:

Tianshu Wang
Yanqi Xu
Qiang Zuo
Jianchu Shi
Xun Wu
Lining Liu
Jiandong Sheng
Pingan Jiang
Alon Ben-Gal 

Facilitators :
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0
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Total pages:
1
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Abstract:

Many functions have been proposed to describe the response of root water uptake to water and/or salinity stresses. In practice, choosing a reliable stress response function is challenging, particularly when water and salinity stresses occur simultaneously. To explore and quantify the effects of soil water and salinity conditions, separately and combined, on root water uptake, two experiments culturing winter wheat in artificial climate chambers were conducted with various water and salinity levels. As the key index, plant water status was evaluated by: a) considering the relative position of water and salinity to roots; b) rectifying estimation of potential transpiration for stressed plants; c) excluding data during recovery periods dominated by the hysteresis process of historical stress; and d) quantifying the interaction between water and salinity stresses. Including only one fitting parameter and two water or salinity thresholds with clear physical meaning and available recommendations, concave-convex function could quantify the effects of water or salinity stress more accurately than the others, leading to more reliable estimation of relative transpiration rate (RMSE < 0.07, R2 > 0.91, MAE < 0.24). Under combined water-salinity stress conditions, neither an additive nor multiplicative approach was able to describe the interaction accurately. In addition to cumulative effect, by quantifying cross-adaptation effect with an exponential function, the multiplicative concave-convex functions significantly improved the estimation of relative transpiration rate for water- and salinity-stressed plants (RMSE < 0.08, R2 > 0.72, MAE < 0.28). Nevertheless, mechanisms underlying the interaction between water and salinity stresses are still unclear and should be further investigated. To avoid the hysteresis effect of historical stress, excluding data during recovery periods was helpful, but its quantitative characterization is also necessary for accurate simulation of root water uptake and should be further studied.

Note:
Related Files :
Combined water-salinity stress
Cross-adaptation effect
Cumulative effect
Hysteresis effect
Relative transpiration rate
Root zone soil conditions
עוד תגיות
תוכן קשור
More details
DOI :
10.1016/j.agwat.2023.108451
Article number:
108451
Affiliations:
Database:
סקופוס
Publication Type:
מאמר
;
.
Language:
אנגלית
Editors' remarks:
ID:
65008
Last updated date:
01/08/2023 18:57
Creation date:
01/08/2023 17:46
Scientific Publication
Evaluating and improving soil water and salinity stress response functions for root water uptake
287

Tianshu Wang
Yanqi Xu
Qiang Zuo
Jianchu Shi
Xun Wu
Lining Liu
Jiandong Sheng
Pingan Jiang
Alon Ben-Gal 

Evaluating and improving soil water and salinity stress response functions for root water uptake

Many functions have been proposed to describe the response of root water uptake to water and/or salinity stresses. In practice, choosing a reliable stress response function is challenging, particularly when water and salinity stresses occur simultaneously. To explore and quantify the effects of soil water and salinity conditions, separately and combined, on root water uptake, two experiments culturing winter wheat in artificial climate chambers were conducted with various water and salinity levels. As the key index, plant water status was evaluated by: a) considering the relative position of water and salinity to roots; b) rectifying estimation of potential transpiration for stressed plants; c) excluding data during recovery periods dominated by the hysteresis process of historical stress; and d) quantifying the interaction between water and salinity stresses. Including only one fitting parameter and two water or salinity thresholds with clear physical meaning and available recommendations, concave-convex function could quantify the effects of water or salinity stress more accurately than the others, leading to more reliable estimation of relative transpiration rate (RMSE < 0.07, R2 > 0.91, MAE < 0.24). Under combined water-salinity stress conditions, neither an additive nor multiplicative approach was able to describe the interaction accurately. In addition to cumulative effect, by quantifying cross-adaptation effect with an exponential function, the multiplicative concave-convex functions significantly improved the estimation of relative transpiration rate for water- and salinity-stressed plants (RMSE < 0.08, R2 > 0.72, MAE < 0.28). Nevertheless, mechanisms underlying the interaction between water and salinity stresses are still unclear and should be further investigated. To avoid the hysteresis effect of historical stress, excluding data during recovery periods was helpful, but its quantitative characterization is also necessary for accurate simulation of root water uptake and should be further studied.

Scientific Publication
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