חיפוש מתקדם
Viruses

Grazia Licciardello

Giuseppe Scuderi

Marcella Russo

Marina Bazzano

 Moshe Bar-Joseph

Antonino F. Catara

 

The control of tristeza quick decline (QD) of citrus is based on the use of rootstocks that are tolerant or resistant to the Citrus tristeza virus (CTV), but some of them show bio-agronomic limits. The application of cross-protection (CP) has been insufficiently explored. The present study examined the possibility of QD control by cross-protection (CP) following reports showing the dependence of the CP strategy on the close genetic relationships between the protective and challenging CTV isolates. Taking advantage of deep sequencing technologies, we located six naturally infected trees harboring no-seedling yellow (no-SY) and no QD decline (mild) VT isolates and used these for challenge inoculation with three QD VT isolates. Symptom monitoring showed that all six Sicilian mild no-SY isolates, based on their genomic relatedness and mild symptoms reactions, provide effective protection against the three severe local VT isolates. The differences between the six mild and three severe isolates were confined to just a few nucleotide variations conserved in eight positions of three CTV genes (p23, p33, and Orf1a). These results confirm that the superinfection exclusion (SIE mechanism) depends on close genetic relatedness between the protective and challenging severe VT strain isolates. Ten years of investigation suggest that CP could turn into an efficient strategy to contain CTV QD infections of sweet orange trees on SO rootstock.

פותח על ידי קלירמאש פתרונות בע"מ -
הספר "אוצר וולקני"
אודות
תנאי שימוש
Minor Variants of Orf1a, p33, and p23 Genes of VT Strain Citrus Tristeza Virus Isolates Show Symptomless Reactions on Sour Orange and Prevent Superinfection of Severe VT Isolates

Grazia Licciardello

Giuseppe Scuderi

Marcella Russo

Marina Bazzano

 Moshe Bar-Joseph

Antonino F. Catara

 

Minor Variants of Orf1a, p33, and p23 Genes of VT Strain Citrus Tristeza Virus Isolates Show Symptomless Reactions on Sour Orange and Prevent Superinfection of Severe VT Isolates .

The control of tristeza quick decline (QD) of citrus is based on the use of rootstocks that are tolerant or resistant to the Citrus tristeza virus (CTV), but some of them show bio-agronomic limits. The application of cross-protection (CP) has been insufficiently explored. The present study examined the possibility of QD control by cross-protection (CP) following reports showing the dependence of the CP strategy on the close genetic relationships between the protective and challenging CTV isolates. Taking advantage of deep sequencing technologies, we located six naturally infected trees harboring no-seedling yellow (no-SY) and no QD decline (mild) VT isolates and used these for challenge inoculation with three QD VT isolates. Symptom monitoring showed that all six Sicilian mild no-SY isolates, based on their genomic relatedness and mild symptoms reactions, provide effective protection against the three severe local VT isolates. The differences between the six mild and three severe isolates were confined to just a few nucleotide variations conserved in eight positions of three CTV genes (p23, p33, and Orf1a). These results confirm that the superinfection exclusion (SIE mechanism) depends on close genetic relatedness between the protective and challenging severe VT strain isolates. Ten years of investigation suggest that CP could turn into an efficient strategy to contain CTV QD infections of sweet orange trees on SO rootstock.

Scientific Publication
You may also be interested in