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Geosciences

Guy Levkovich 
Inna Bendikov-Bar
Sergey Malitsky 
Maxim Itkin
Mark Rusal 
Dmitri Lokshtanov
Dmitry Shinder
Dror Sagi 

Among land vertebrates, the laying hen stands out due to its great reproductive efficiency: producing an egg daily all year long. This production rate makes the laying hen a special model animal to study the general process of reproduction and aging. One unique aspect of hens is their ability to undergo reproductive plasticity and to rejuvenate their reproductive tract during molting, a standard industrial feed restriction protocol for transiently pausing reproduction, followed by improved laying efficiency almost to peak production. Here we use longitudinal metabolomics, immunology, and physiological assays to show that molting promotes reproduction, compresses morbidity, and restores youthfulness when applied to old hens. We identified circulating metabolic biomarkers that quantitatively predict the reproduction and age of individuals. Lastly, we introduce metabolic noise, a robust, unitless, and quantifiable measure for heterogeneity of the complete metabolome as a general marker that can indicate the rate of aging of a population. Indeed, metabolic noise increased with age in control hens, whereas molted hens exhibited reduced noise following molting, indicating systemic rejuvenation. Our results suggest that metabolic noise can be used as a quick and universal proxy for assessing successful aging treatments, accelerating the timeline for drug development.

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Reduction in metabolic noise reveals rejuvenation following transient severe caloric restriction

Guy Levkovich 
Inna Bendikov-Bar
Sergey Malitsky 
Maxim Itkin
Mark Rusal 
Dmitri Lokshtanov
Dmitry Shinder
Dror Sagi 

Reduction in metabolic noise reveals rejuvenation following transient severe caloric restriction

Among land vertebrates, the laying hen stands out due to its great reproductive efficiency: producing an egg daily all year long. This production rate makes the laying hen a special model animal to study the general process of reproduction and aging. One unique aspect of hens is their ability to undergo reproductive plasticity and to rejuvenate their reproductive tract during molting, a standard industrial feed restriction protocol for transiently pausing reproduction, followed by improved laying efficiency almost to peak production. Here we use longitudinal metabolomics, immunology, and physiological assays to show that molting promotes reproduction, compresses morbidity, and restores youthfulness when applied to old hens. We identified circulating metabolic biomarkers that quantitatively predict the reproduction and age of individuals. Lastly, we introduce metabolic noise, a robust, unitless, and quantifiable measure for heterogeneity of the complete metabolome as a general marker that can indicate the rate of aging of a population. Indeed, metabolic noise increased with age in control hens, whereas molted hens exhibited reduced noise following molting, indicating systemic rejuvenation. Our results suggest that metabolic noise can be used as a quick and universal proxy for assessing successful aging treatments, accelerating the timeline for drug development.

Scientific Publication
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