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Journal of Animal Science
Holzer, Z., ARO, Institute of Animal Science, Newe Ya'ar Research Center, P.O. Box 1021, Ramat Yishay 30095, Israel
Aharoni, Y., ARO, Institute of Animal Science, Newe Ya'ar Research Center, P.O. Box 1021, Ramat Yishay 30095, Israel
Brosh, A., ARO, Institute of Animal Science, Newe Ya'ar Research Center, P.O. Box 1021, Ramat Yishay 30095, Israel
Orlov, A., ARO, Institute of Animal Science, Newe Ya'ar Research Center, P.O. Box 1021, Ramat Yishay 30095, Israel
Buonomo, F., Monsanto Company, St. Louis, MO 63167, United States
Our objective for this study was to assess the effect of recombinant bovine somatotropin (rbST) in overcoming the biological effects attributed to live weight increase and age on growth and fat deposition in male cattle. Holstein-Friesian bull calves (n = 56; 182.2 ± 14.7 d old) were allotted to four subtreatments in a randomized complete block with a factorial arrangement of two levels of rbST: 0 and 500 mg of Posilac, every 2 wk, and two dietary metabolizable energy (ME) concentrations: low metabolizable energy (LME) and high metabolizable energy (HME); 10 vs 11.3 MJ/kg DM, respectively. The effect of rbST treatment on daily gain was expressed mostly on the HME diets. The rbST treatment had no effect on the animals fed the LME diets before the age of 240 d was reached. Dry matter intake and the effect of rbST treatment on DM intake were inversely related to the energy concentration of the diet. The degree of fatness of the animals was significantly reduced by rbST treatment and significantly increased by energy concentration of the diet. The major effect of rbST, under the experimental conditions, in regards to adipose tissue deposition, was on the fat depots and not on the intramuscular fat. The concentration of bST, IGF-I, and insulin in the plasma was increased (P < .001) owing to rbST treatment. Lower metabolizable energy supply led to a higher (P < .001) plasma bST concentration, nonsignificantly lower plasma IGF-I and thyroid hormone concentrations, and lower (P < .001) plasma insulin concentration. A trend (P = .065) toward an increase in PUFA was found in the muscle of the rbST-treated and the HME diet animals. At a young age, when the natural growth potential is high, rbST treatment will be efficient only when a diet allowing a high digestible energy intake is provided.
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The influence of recombinant bovine somatotropin on dietary energy level-related growth of Holstein-Friesian bull calves
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Holzer, Z., ARO, Institute of Animal Science, Newe Ya'ar Research Center, P.O. Box 1021, Ramat Yishay 30095, Israel
Aharoni, Y., ARO, Institute of Animal Science, Newe Ya'ar Research Center, P.O. Box 1021, Ramat Yishay 30095, Israel
Brosh, A., ARO, Institute of Animal Science, Newe Ya'ar Research Center, P.O. Box 1021, Ramat Yishay 30095, Israel
Orlov, A., ARO, Institute of Animal Science, Newe Ya'ar Research Center, P.O. Box 1021, Ramat Yishay 30095, Israel
Buonomo, F., Monsanto Company, St. Louis, MO 63167, United States
The influence of recombinant bovine somatotropin on dietary energy level-related growth of Holstein-Friesian bull calves
Our objective for this study was to assess the effect of recombinant bovine somatotropin (rbST) in overcoming the biological effects attributed to live weight increase and age on growth and fat deposition in male cattle. Holstein-Friesian bull calves (n = 56; 182.2 ± 14.7 d old) were allotted to four subtreatments in a randomized complete block with a factorial arrangement of two levels of rbST: 0 and 500 mg of Posilac, every 2 wk, and two dietary metabolizable energy (ME) concentrations: low metabolizable energy (LME) and high metabolizable energy (HME); 10 vs 11.3 MJ/kg DM, respectively. The effect of rbST treatment on daily gain was expressed mostly on the HME diets. The rbST treatment had no effect on the animals fed the LME diets before the age of 240 d was reached. Dry matter intake and the effect of rbST treatment on DM intake were inversely related to the energy concentration of the diet. The degree of fatness of the animals was significantly reduced by rbST treatment and significantly increased by energy concentration of the diet. The major effect of rbST, under the experimental conditions, in regards to adipose tissue deposition, was on the fat depots and not on the intramuscular fat. The concentration of bST, IGF-I, and insulin in the plasma was increased (P < .001) owing to rbST treatment. Lower metabolizable energy supply led to a higher (P < .001) plasma bST concentration, nonsignificantly lower plasma IGF-I and thyroid hormone concentrations, and lower (P < .001) plasma insulin concentration. A trend (P = .065) toward an increase in PUFA was found in the muscle of the rbST-treated and the HME diet animals. At a young age, when the natural growth potential is high, rbST treatment will be efficient only when a diet allowing a high digestible energy intake is provided.
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