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Effects of pesticide residues on ground-dwelling lycosid and micryphantid spiders in laboratory tests
Year:
1992
Source of publication :
Phytoparasitica
Authors :
Mansour, Fadel
;
.
Volume :
20
Co-Authors:
Mansour, F., Dept. of Entomology, ARO, Newe Ya'ar Experiment Station, Haifa Post, 31999, Israel
Heimbach, U., Federal Biological Research Center for Agriculture and Forestry, Messeweg 11-12, Braunschweig, 3300, Germany
Wehling, A., Federal Biological Research Center for Agriculture and Forestry, Messeweg 11-12, Braunschweig, 3300, Germany
Facilitators :
From page:
195
To page:
202
(
Total pages:
8
)
Abstract:
The effects of residues of three commercial pesticides in common use in Europe against cereal pests, on two dominant spider species, a lycosid and a micryphantid, were evaluated in the laboratory. Insecticide assay methods for juvenile and adult hunting and adult web-building, ground-dwelling spiders are described. Results varied with different sprayed substrates and species. Fenvalerate was more toxic than other pesticides and had a longer residual effect on all spiders when tested on moistened sand than on filter paper. Endosulfan was of high initial toxicity on sand, but was more toxic on filter paper to both adults and juveniles of Pardosa spp. Pyrazophos was non-toxic to the spiders tested, regardless of substrate. In general, the lycosids were more affected by pesticides than web-building spiders because of their different life strategies. A sprayed sand substrate matched field conditions better as a method to test the effects of pesticides on ground-dwelling spiders. © 1992 Springer Science + Business Media B.V.
Note:
Related Files :
Araneae
Erigone atra
Pardosa agrestis
pesticides
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1007/BF02980841
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
18865
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:24
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Scientific Publication
Effects of pesticide residues on ground-dwelling lycosid and micryphantid spiders in laboratory tests
20
Mansour, F., Dept. of Entomology, ARO, Newe Ya'ar Experiment Station, Haifa Post, 31999, Israel
Heimbach, U., Federal Biological Research Center for Agriculture and Forestry, Messeweg 11-12, Braunschweig, 3300, Germany
Wehling, A., Federal Biological Research Center for Agriculture and Forestry, Messeweg 11-12, Braunschweig, 3300, Germany
Effects of pesticide residues on ground-dwelling lycosid and micryphantid spiders in laboratory tests
The effects of residues of three commercial pesticides in common use in Europe against cereal pests, on two dominant spider species, a lycosid and a micryphantid, were evaluated in the laboratory. Insecticide assay methods for juvenile and adult hunting and adult web-building, ground-dwelling spiders are described. Results varied with different sprayed substrates and species. Fenvalerate was more toxic than other pesticides and had a longer residual effect on all spiders when tested on moistened sand than on filter paper. Endosulfan was of high initial toxicity on sand, but was more toxic on filter paper to both adults and juveniles of Pardosa spp. Pyrazophos was non-toxic to the spiders tested, regardless of substrate. In general, the lycosids were more affected by pesticides than web-building spiders because of their different life strategies. A sprayed sand substrate matched field conditions better as a method to test the effects of pesticides on ground-dwelling spiders. © 1992 Springer Science + Business Media B.V.
Scientific Publication
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