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Thiamine deficiency in patients with congestive heart failure receiving long-term furosemide therapy: A pilot study
Year:
1991
Source of publication :
The American Journal of Medicine
Authors :
Ezra, David
;
.
Volume :
91
Co-Authors:
Seligmann, H., Division of Clinical Pharmacology, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Israel, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
Halkin, H., Department of Medicine A, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Israel, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
Rauchfleisch, S., Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel, Heart Institute, Bnai-Zion Medical Center, Technion Faculty of Medicine, Haifa, Israel
Kaufmann, N., Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel, Department of Nutrition, Hebrew University Hadassah Medical School, Jerusalem, Israel
Tal, R., Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel, Department of Nutrition, Hebrew University Hadassah Medical School, Jerusalem, Israel
Motro, M., Heart Institute, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Israel, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
Vered, Z., Heart Institute, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Israel, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
Ezra, D., Division of Clinical Pharmacology, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Israel, Department of Medicine A, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Israel, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
151
To page:
155
(
Total pages:
5
)
Abstract:
purpose: To test the hypothesis that long-term furosemide therapy in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) is associated with clinically significant thiamine deficiency via urinary loss. design: (1) Biochemical evaluation of thiamine status in hospitalized patients with CHF treated with long-term furosemide and in age-matched control patients. (2) Uncontrolled trial of the effect of intravenous thiamine on cardiac performance in a subset of six patients with CHF. setting: General medical ward of a teaching community hospital. patients: Twenty-three patients with chronic CHF receiving furosemide, and 16 age-matched control patients without heart failure and not taking diuretics. Daily furosemide doses were 80 to 240 mg, and duration of furosemide therapy was 3 to 14 months. Patients with identifiable causes of inadequate thiamine intake, absorption, or utilization or increased metabolic requirements were excluded. intervention: A 7-day course of intravenous thiamine, 100 mg twice daily, in six consenting patients with CHF. results: A high thiamine pyrophosphate effect (TPPE), indicating thiamine deficiency, was found in 21 of 23 furosemide-treated patients and in two of 16 controls (p < 0.001). The mean (± SE) TPPE (normal: 0% to 15%) in furosemide-treated and control patients was 27.7 ± 2.5% and 7.1 ± 1.6%, respectively (p <0.001). Despite the high TPPE, the mean (± SE) urinary thiamine excretion in the furosemide-treated patients (n = 18) was inappropriately high (defined as greater than 130 μg/g creatinine), 410 ± 95 μg/g creatinine, even in comparison with that in the controls (n = 14): 236 ± 69 μg/g creatinine. In six patients treated with intravenous thiamine, the elevated TPPE decreased to normal, from a mean (± SE) of 27.0 ± 3.8% to 4.5 ± 1.3% (p <0.001), indicating normal thiamine utilization capacity. Left ventricular ejection fraction increased in four of five of these patients studied by echocardiography. conclusion: These preliminary findings suggest that long-term furosemide therapy may be associated with clinically significant thiamine deficiency due to urinary loss and contribute to impaired cardiac performance in patients with CHF. This deficit may be prevented or corrected by appropriate thiamine supplements. © 1991.
Note:
Related Files :
adult
clinical article
Female
furosemide
Injections, Intravenous
intravenous drug administration
Male
thiamine
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1016/0002-9343(91)90007-K
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
19276
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:27
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Scientific Publication
Thiamine deficiency in patients with congestive heart failure receiving long-term furosemide therapy: A pilot study
91
Seligmann, H., Division of Clinical Pharmacology, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Israel, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
Halkin, H., Department of Medicine A, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Israel, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
Rauchfleisch, S., Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel, Heart Institute, Bnai-Zion Medical Center, Technion Faculty of Medicine, Haifa, Israel
Kaufmann, N., Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel, Department of Nutrition, Hebrew University Hadassah Medical School, Jerusalem, Israel
Tal, R., Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel, Department of Nutrition, Hebrew University Hadassah Medical School, Jerusalem, Israel
Motro, M., Heart Institute, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Israel, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
Vered, Z., Heart Institute, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Israel, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
Ezra, D., Division of Clinical Pharmacology, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Israel, Department of Medicine A, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Israel, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
Thiamine deficiency in patients with congestive heart failure receiving long-term furosemide therapy: A pilot study
purpose: To test the hypothesis that long-term furosemide therapy in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) is associated with clinically significant thiamine deficiency via urinary loss. design: (1) Biochemical evaluation of thiamine status in hospitalized patients with CHF treated with long-term furosemide and in age-matched control patients. (2) Uncontrolled trial of the effect of intravenous thiamine on cardiac performance in a subset of six patients with CHF. setting: General medical ward of a teaching community hospital. patients: Twenty-three patients with chronic CHF receiving furosemide, and 16 age-matched control patients without heart failure and not taking diuretics. Daily furosemide doses were 80 to 240 mg, and duration of furosemide therapy was 3 to 14 months. Patients with identifiable causes of inadequate thiamine intake, absorption, or utilization or increased metabolic requirements were excluded. intervention: A 7-day course of intravenous thiamine, 100 mg twice daily, in six consenting patients with CHF. results: A high thiamine pyrophosphate effect (TPPE), indicating thiamine deficiency, was found in 21 of 23 furosemide-treated patients and in two of 16 controls (p < 0.001). The mean (± SE) TPPE (normal: 0% to 15%) in furosemide-treated and control patients was 27.7 ± 2.5% and 7.1 ± 1.6%, respectively (p <0.001). Despite the high TPPE, the mean (± SE) urinary thiamine excretion in the furosemide-treated patients (n = 18) was inappropriately high (defined as greater than 130 μg/g creatinine), 410 ± 95 μg/g creatinine, even in comparison with that in the controls (n = 14): 236 ± 69 μg/g creatinine. In six patients treated with intravenous thiamine, the elevated TPPE decreased to normal, from a mean (± SE) of 27.0 ± 3.8% to 4.5 ± 1.3% (p <0.001), indicating normal thiamine utilization capacity. Left ventricular ejection fraction increased in four of five of these patients studied by echocardiography. conclusion: These preliminary findings suggest that long-term furosemide therapy may be associated with clinically significant thiamine deficiency due to urinary loss and contribute to impaired cardiac performance in patients with CHF. This deficit may be prevented or corrected by appropriate thiamine supplements. © 1991.
Scientific Publication
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