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Evaluation of local and imported fire blight warning systems in Israel
Year:
2003
Source of publication :
Phytopathology
Authors :
Kritzman, Giora
;
.
Shtienberg, Dan
;
.
Volume :
93
Co-Authors:
Shtienberg, D., Department of Plant Pathology, ARO, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Shwartz, H., Department of Plant Pathology, ARO, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Oppenheim, D., Extension Service, Ministry of Agriculture, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Zilberstaine, M., Extension Service, Ministry of Agriculture, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Herzog, Z., Extension Service, Ministry of Agriculture, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Manulis, S., Department of Plant Pathology, ARO, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Kritzman, G., Department of Plant Pathology, ARO, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
356
To page:
363
(
Total pages:
8
)
Abstract:
The possibility of using local and imported warning systems for the management of fire blight (caused by the bacterium Erwinia amylovora) in pears was tested in Israel from 1997 to 2000. Three imported systems (MARYBLYT 4.3, BIS95, and Cougarblight 98C) and one local system (Fire Blight Control Advisory [FBCA]) were used. All systems were tested in simulation experiments; MARYBLYT 4.3 and FBCA were also tested in orchard experiments under natural infections. Simulation experiments included 193 orchard-plots in which the time of disease onset enabled us to determine the date of infection. Thirty-five experiments were conducted in commercial orchards; in 10 of these, fire blight developed naturally. The performance of the imported warning systems was too variable to be accurately used under Israeli conditions. In the simulation experiments, the success rate (i.e., the capacity of the systems to predict the exact date of the occurrence of infection episodes) of the imported systems was low (3 to 55%) with considerably large variability among years (CV = 30 to 67%). Similar results were obtained in the orchard experiments for MARYBLYT 4.3: in only two of five experiments where plots were managed according to that system was disease severity significantly lower than that recorded in untreated control plots. In comparison, the local system, FBCA, predicted most infection episodes in the simulation experiments with low variability (99%, CV = 1.0%). In the orchard experiments, adequate disease suppression was achieved in all eight experiments in which FBCA recommendations were followed. We concluded that it was not possible to import and successfully implement fire blight warning systems in Israel that have been developed in regions with dissimilar environmental conditions.
Note:
Related Files :
Bacteria (microorganisms)
Erwinia
Erwinia amylovora
Integrated disease management
Models
Pyrus
Pyrus communis
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
19291
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:27
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Scientific Publication
Evaluation of local and imported fire blight warning systems in Israel
93
Shtienberg, D., Department of Plant Pathology, ARO, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Shwartz, H., Department of Plant Pathology, ARO, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Oppenheim, D., Extension Service, Ministry of Agriculture, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Zilberstaine, M., Extension Service, Ministry of Agriculture, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Herzog, Z., Extension Service, Ministry of Agriculture, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Manulis, S., Department of Plant Pathology, ARO, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Kritzman, G., Department of Plant Pathology, ARO, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Evaluation of local and imported fire blight warning systems in Israel
The possibility of using local and imported warning systems for the management of fire blight (caused by the bacterium Erwinia amylovora) in pears was tested in Israel from 1997 to 2000. Three imported systems (MARYBLYT 4.3, BIS95, and Cougarblight 98C) and one local system (Fire Blight Control Advisory [FBCA]) were used. All systems were tested in simulation experiments; MARYBLYT 4.3 and FBCA were also tested in orchard experiments under natural infections. Simulation experiments included 193 orchard-plots in which the time of disease onset enabled us to determine the date of infection. Thirty-five experiments were conducted in commercial orchards; in 10 of these, fire blight developed naturally. The performance of the imported warning systems was too variable to be accurately used under Israeli conditions. In the simulation experiments, the success rate (i.e., the capacity of the systems to predict the exact date of the occurrence of infection episodes) of the imported systems was low (3 to 55%) with considerably large variability among years (CV = 30 to 67%). Similar results were obtained in the orchard experiments for MARYBLYT 4.3: in only two of five experiments where plots were managed according to that system was disease severity significantly lower than that recorded in untreated control plots. In comparison, the local system, FBCA, predicted most infection episodes in the simulation experiments with low variability (99%, CV = 1.0%). In the orchard experiments, adequate disease suppression was achieved in all eight experiments in which FBCA recommendations were followed. We concluded that it was not possible to import and successfully implement fire blight warning systems in Israel that have been developed in regions with dissimilar environmental conditions.
Scientific Publication
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