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אסיף מאגר המחקר החקלאי
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The effect of gibberellin on firmness and storage potential of peaches and nectarines
Year:
2012
Source of publication :
Acta Horticulturae
Authors :
Dagar, Anurag
;
.
Friedman, Haya
;
.
Lurie, Susan
;
.
Weksler, Asya
;
.
Volume :
962
Co-Authors:
Weksler, A., Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Dagar, A., Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Friedman, H., Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Lurie, S., Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
591
To page:
596
(
Total pages:
6
)
Abstract:
Gibberellic acid is one of the most widely used plant growth regulators for manipulation of fruit development and ripening. It has been shown to retard the rate of fruit softening in a number of different fruits. Melting flesh peaches and nectarines are climacteric fruit which undergo rapid ripening, particularly the early season cultivars. The fruits soften quickly after harvest, leading to losses in the marketing chain from bruising and over-ripeness. Gibberellic acid was given to four early cultivars and their rate of softening after harvest was followed. Two cultivars, 'Sun Snow' (nectarine) and 'Swelling' (peach) received 25 and 50 mg L-1 gibberellin 12 and 24 days before harvest, respectively. The control fruit lost about 50% of their firmness after 3 days at 20°C, while gibberellin treated fruit decreased 20%. After 5 days at 20°C, however, all fruits had similar firmness. Two cultivars, 'Yuval' (nectarine) and 'Oded' (peach) were sprayed with 50 mg L-1 gibberellin at the end of pit hardening. Their softening and ripening was monitored after harvest and after 3 weeks of storage at 4°C. The gibberellin treated fruits softened more slowly after harvest, similar to the cultivars treated with gibberellin close to harvest. Examination of the cell wall components of control and gibberellin treated fruit showed that the latter had more cell wall material and a larger proportion of cellulose in the cell walls than the control fruits. These differences may play a role in the slower softening of gibberellin treated fruit. © ISHS 2012.
Note:
Related Files :
Cellulose
cell wall
food storage
gibberellins
growth regulator
Nectarines
peaches
Prunus persica
Prunus persica nucipersica
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
19384
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:28
Scientific Publication
The effect of gibberellin on firmness and storage potential of peaches and nectarines
962
Weksler, A., Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Dagar, A., Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Friedman, H., Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Lurie, S., Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
The effect of gibberellin on firmness and storage potential of peaches and nectarines
Gibberellic acid is one of the most widely used plant growth regulators for manipulation of fruit development and ripening. It has been shown to retard the rate of fruit softening in a number of different fruits. Melting flesh peaches and nectarines are climacteric fruit which undergo rapid ripening, particularly the early season cultivars. The fruits soften quickly after harvest, leading to losses in the marketing chain from bruising and over-ripeness. Gibberellic acid was given to four early cultivars and their rate of softening after harvest was followed. Two cultivars, 'Sun Snow' (nectarine) and 'Swelling' (peach) received 25 and 50 mg L-1 gibberellin 12 and 24 days before harvest, respectively. The control fruit lost about 50% of their firmness after 3 days at 20°C, while gibberellin treated fruit decreased 20%. After 5 days at 20°C, however, all fruits had similar firmness. Two cultivars, 'Yuval' (nectarine) and 'Oded' (peach) were sprayed with 50 mg L-1 gibberellin at the end of pit hardening. Their softening and ripening was monitored after harvest and after 3 weeks of storage at 4°C. The gibberellin treated fruits softened more slowly after harvest, similar to the cultivars treated with gibberellin close to harvest. Examination of the cell wall components of control and gibberellin treated fruit showed that the latter had more cell wall material and a larger proportion of cellulose in the cell walls than the control fruits. These differences may play a role in the slower softening of gibberellin treated fruit. © ISHS 2012.
Scientific Publication
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