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The effect of sand grain size on the development of cyanobacterial biocrusts
Year:
2014
Source of publication :
Aeolian Research
Authors :
Zaady, Eli
;
.
Volume :
15
Co-Authors:
Rozenstein, O., The Remote Sensing Laboratory, Jacob Blaustein Institutes for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Sede Boqer Campus, Israel
Zaady, E., Department of Natural Resources, Agricultural Research Organization, Gilat Research Center, Israel
Katra, I., Department of Geography and Environmental Development, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel
Karnieli, A., The Remote Sensing Laboratory, Jacob Blaustein Institutes for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Sede Boqer Campus, Israel
Adamowski, J., Department of Bioresource Engineering, McGill University, Macdonald Campus 21 111 Lakeshore Road, Ste-Anne-de-Bellevue, QC, Canada
Yizhaq, H., Institute for Dryland Environmental Research, Jacob Blaustein Institutes for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Sede Boqer Campus, Israel, The Dead Sea and Arava Science Center, Tamar Regional Council, Israel
Rozenstein, O., The Remote Sensing Laboratory, Jacob Blaustein Institutes for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Sede Boqer Campus, 84990, Israel
Katra, I., Department of Geography and Environmental Development, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva 84105, Israel
Karnieli, A., The Remote Sensing Laboratory, Jacob Blaustein Institutes for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Sede Boqer Campus, 84990, Israel
Adamowski, J., Department of Bioresource Engineering, McGill University, Macdonald Campus 21, 111 Lakeshore Road, Ste-Anne-de-Bellevue, Quebec H9X 3V9, Canada
Yizhaq, H., Institute for Dryland Environmental Research, Jacob Blaustein Institutes for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Sede Boqer Campus, 84990, Israel, The Dead Sea and Arava Science Center, Tamar Regional Council, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
217
To page:
226
(
Total pages:
10
)
Abstract:
Biocrusts are critical components of desert ecosystems, significantly modifying the surfaces they occupy. Although the presence of fine soil particles is known to be conducive to biocrust development and recovery from disturbance, their influence on the inceptive development of biocrusts has not been empirically studied. In this study, the effect of substrate granulometry on the development of biocrusts was explored, under controlled laboratory conditions of light, soil humidity, and temperature. A cyanobacterial inoculum of Microcoleus vaginatus was applied to five sand fractions in the range of 1-2000. μm. The results showed that the biocrusts developed more rapidly on the fine fraction (<125. μm) than on the coarser fractions. While the biocrust cover on the fine fraction was spatially homogenous, it was patchy and discontinuous on the coarse fractions. The difference in the pore size between the different fractions is suggested to be the reason for these discrepancies in biocrust development, since large pores between the particles of coarse soil restrict and regulate the filaments' spreading. It was found that the spectroscopic indices, the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index and the Brightness Index, were more sensitive to the biocrust development than the bio-physiological parameters of the biocrusts (polysaccharides, protein, and chlorophyll contents). The faster biocrust development on the fine fractions can explain various biophysical phenomena in aeolian environments. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.
Note:
Related Files :
Biocrusts
Cyanobacteria
cyanobacterium
eolian deposit
eolian process
Grain size
humidity
Sand
Soil crusts
soil temperature
spectroscopy
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1016/j.aeolia.2014.08.003
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
19430
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:29
You may also be interested in
Scientific Publication
The effect of sand grain size on the development of cyanobacterial biocrusts
15
Rozenstein, O., The Remote Sensing Laboratory, Jacob Blaustein Institutes for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Sede Boqer Campus, Israel
Zaady, E., Department of Natural Resources, Agricultural Research Organization, Gilat Research Center, Israel
Katra, I., Department of Geography and Environmental Development, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel
Karnieli, A., The Remote Sensing Laboratory, Jacob Blaustein Institutes for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Sede Boqer Campus, Israel
Adamowski, J., Department of Bioresource Engineering, McGill University, Macdonald Campus 21 111 Lakeshore Road, Ste-Anne-de-Bellevue, QC, Canada
Yizhaq, H., Institute for Dryland Environmental Research, Jacob Blaustein Institutes for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Sede Boqer Campus, Israel, The Dead Sea and Arava Science Center, Tamar Regional Council, Israel
Rozenstein, O., The Remote Sensing Laboratory, Jacob Blaustein Institutes for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Sede Boqer Campus, 84990, Israel
Katra, I., Department of Geography and Environmental Development, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva 84105, Israel
Karnieli, A., The Remote Sensing Laboratory, Jacob Blaustein Institutes for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Sede Boqer Campus, 84990, Israel
Adamowski, J., Department of Bioresource Engineering, McGill University, Macdonald Campus 21, 111 Lakeshore Road, Ste-Anne-de-Bellevue, Quebec H9X 3V9, Canada
Yizhaq, H., Institute for Dryland Environmental Research, Jacob Blaustein Institutes for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Sede Boqer Campus, 84990, Israel, The Dead Sea and Arava Science Center, Tamar Regional Council, Israel
The effect of sand grain size on the development of cyanobacterial biocrusts
Biocrusts are critical components of desert ecosystems, significantly modifying the surfaces they occupy. Although the presence of fine soil particles is known to be conducive to biocrust development and recovery from disturbance, their influence on the inceptive development of biocrusts has not been empirically studied. In this study, the effect of substrate granulometry on the development of biocrusts was explored, under controlled laboratory conditions of light, soil humidity, and temperature. A cyanobacterial inoculum of Microcoleus vaginatus was applied to five sand fractions in the range of 1-2000. μm. The results showed that the biocrusts developed more rapidly on the fine fraction (<125. μm) than on the coarser fractions. While the biocrust cover on the fine fraction was spatially homogenous, it was patchy and discontinuous on the coarse fractions. The difference in the pore size between the different fractions is suggested to be the reason for these discrepancies in biocrust development, since large pores between the particles of coarse soil restrict and regulate the filaments' spreading. It was found that the spectroscopic indices, the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index and the Brightness Index, were more sensitive to the biocrust development than the bio-physiological parameters of the biocrusts (polysaccharides, protein, and chlorophyll contents). The faster biocrust development on the fine fractions can explain various biophysical phenomena in aeolian environments. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.
Scientific Publication
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