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Fungicidal disease suppression and yield losses associated with sunflower rust in Israel
Year:
1992
Source of publication :
Crop Protection
Authors :
Shtienberg, Dan
;
.
Volume :
11
Co-Authors:
Shtienberg, D., Department of Plant Pathology and Microbiology, Faculty of Agriculture, PO Box 12, Rehovot, 76100, Israel
Zohar, D., Ministry of Agriculture, Extension Service, Department of Field Crops, Hakiria, Tel-Aviv, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
529
To page:
534
(
Total pages:
6
)
Abstract:
The effects of rust on the yield components and harvested achene yield of a non-oilseed sunflower cultivar were examined in two field trials in Israel. Head area and the number of achenes per head were decreased during severe rust epidemics, but were unaffected by moderate or mild epidemics. Individual achene weight and the frequency of fertile achenes were influenced by the disease, in relation to its intensity. The fungicide tebuconazole, applied at a rate of 0.125 kg a.i. ha-1, arrested rust development for at least 14 days. Highly significant effects were obtained by spraying when anthesis had occurred only in the outer quarter of the inflorescence radius, whereas the effects of spraying when anthesis was completed were negligible. Differences in yield (0.86-1.15 t ha-1) and in net profit (US$696-1153 ha-1) between sprayed and unsprayed plots were significant (p<0.05). © 1992.
Note:
Related Files :
Disease control
fungicides
Helianthus annuus
Israel
Puccinia helianthi
sunflower rust
tebuconazole
Yield loss
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1016/0261-2194(92)90170-A
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
19578
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:30
Scientific Publication
Fungicidal disease suppression and yield losses associated with sunflower rust in Israel
11
Shtienberg, D., Department of Plant Pathology and Microbiology, Faculty of Agriculture, PO Box 12, Rehovot, 76100, Israel
Zohar, D., Ministry of Agriculture, Extension Service, Department of Field Crops, Hakiria, Tel-Aviv, Israel
Fungicidal disease suppression and yield losses associated with sunflower rust in Israel
The effects of rust on the yield components and harvested achene yield of a non-oilseed sunflower cultivar were examined in two field trials in Israel. Head area and the number of achenes per head were decreased during severe rust epidemics, but were unaffected by moderate or mild epidemics. Individual achene weight and the frequency of fertile achenes were influenced by the disease, in relation to its intensity. The fungicide tebuconazole, applied at a rate of 0.125 kg a.i. ha-1, arrested rust development for at least 14 days. Highly significant effects were obtained by spraying when anthesis had occurred only in the outer quarter of the inflorescence radius, whereas the effects of spraying when anthesis was completed were negligible. Differences in yield (0.86-1.15 t ha-1) and in net profit (US$696-1153 ha-1) between sprayed and unsprayed plots were significant (p<0.05). © 1992.
Scientific Publication
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