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Specific microbiome-dependent mechanisms underlie the energy harvest efficiency of ruminants
Year:
2016
Source of publication :
ISME Journal
Authors :
Doron-Faigenboim, Adi
;
.
Volume :
10
Co-Authors:
Kruger Ben Shabat, S., Department of Life Sciences, National Institute for Biotechnology in the Negev, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, PO Box 653, Beer-Sheva, Israel, Department of Ruminant Science, Institute of Animal Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel, Department of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology, George S. Wise Faculty of Life Science, Tel Aviv University, Ramat-Aviv, Israel
Sasson, G., Department of Life Sciences, National Institute for Biotechnology in the Negev, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, PO Box 653, Beer-Sheva, Israel
Doron-Faigenboim, A., Department of Ruminant Science, Institute of Animal Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Durman, T., Department of Life Sciences, National Institute for Biotechnology in the Negev, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, PO Box 653, Beer-Sheva, Israel
Yaacoby, S., Department of Ruminant Science, Institute of Animal Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Berg Miller, M.E., Department of Animal Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL, United States, Institute for Genomic Biology, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL, United States
White, B.A., Department of Animal Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL, United States, Institute for Genomic Biology, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL, United States
Shterzer, N., Department of Life Sciences, National Institute for Biotechnology in the Negev, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, PO Box 653, Beer-Sheva, Israel
Mizrahi, I., Department of Life Sciences, National Institute for Biotechnology in the Negev, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, PO Box 653, Beer-Sheva, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
2958
To page:
2972
(
Total pages:
15
)
Abstract:
Ruminants have the remarkable ability to convert human-indigestible plant biomass into human-digestible food products, due to a complex microbiome residing in the rumen compartment of their upper digestive tract. Here we report the discovery that rumen microbiome components are tightly linked to cows' ability to extract energy from their feed, termed feed efficiency. Feed efficiency was measured in 146 milking cows and analyses of the taxonomic composition, gene content, microbial activity and metabolomic composition was performed on the rumen microbiomes from the 78 most extreme animals. Lower richness of microbiome gene content and taxa was tightly linked to higher feed efficiency. Microbiome genes and species accurately predicted the animals' feed efficiency phenotype. Specific enrichment of microbes and metabolic pathways in each of these microbiome groups resulted in better energy and carbon channeling to the animal, while lowering methane emissions to the atmosphere. This ecological and mechanistic understanding of the rumen microbiome could lead to an increase in available food resources and environmentally friendly livestock agriculture. © 2016 International Society for Microbial Ecology. All rights reserved.
Note:
Related Files :
Animalia
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Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1038/ismej.2016.62
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
19667
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:30
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Scientific Publication
Specific microbiome-dependent mechanisms underlie the energy harvest efficiency of ruminants
10
Kruger Ben Shabat, S., Department of Life Sciences, National Institute for Biotechnology in the Negev, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, PO Box 653, Beer-Sheva, Israel, Department of Ruminant Science, Institute of Animal Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel, Department of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology, George S. Wise Faculty of Life Science, Tel Aviv University, Ramat-Aviv, Israel
Sasson, G., Department of Life Sciences, National Institute for Biotechnology in the Negev, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, PO Box 653, Beer-Sheva, Israel
Doron-Faigenboim, A., Department of Ruminant Science, Institute of Animal Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Durman, T., Department of Life Sciences, National Institute for Biotechnology in the Negev, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, PO Box 653, Beer-Sheva, Israel
Yaacoby, S., Department of Ruminant Science, Institute of Animal Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Berg Miller, M.E., Department of Animal Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL, United States, Institute for Genomic Biology, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL, United States
White, B.A., Department of Animal Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL, United States, Institute for Genomic Biology, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL, United States
Shterzer, N., Department of Life Sciences, National Institute for Biotechnology in the Negev, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, PO Box 653, Beer-Sheva, Israel
Mizrahi, I., Department of Life Sciences, National Institute for Biotechnology in the Negev, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, PO Box 653, Beer-Sheva, Israel
Specific microbiome-dependent mechanisms underlie the energy harvest efficiency of ruminants
Ruminants have the remarkable ability to convert human-indigestible plant biomass into human-digestible food products, due to a complex microbiome residing in the rumen compartment of their upper digestive tract. Here we report the discovery that rumen microbiome components are tightly linked to cows' ability to extract energy from their feed, termed feed efficiency. Feed efficiency was measured in 146 milking cows and analyses of the taxonomic composition, gene content, microbial activity and metabolomic composition was performed on the rumen microbiomes from the 78 most extreme animals. Lower richness of microbiome gene content and taxa was tightly linked to higher feed efficiency. Microbiome genes and species accurately predicted the animals' feed efficiency phenotype. Specific enrichment of microbes and metabolic pathways in each of these microbiome groups resulted in better energy and carbon channeling to the animal, while lowering methane emissions to the atmosphere. This ecological and mechanistic understanding of the rumen microbiome could lead to an increase in available food resources and environmentally friendly livestock agriculture. © 2016 International Society for Microbial Ecology. All rights reserved.
Scientific Publication
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