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Hypoxylon sp., an endophyte of Persea indica, producing 1,8-Cineole and Other Bioactive Volatiles with Fuel Potential
Year:
2010
Source of publication :
microbial ecology (source)
Authors :
Ezra, David
;
.
Liarzi, Orna
;
.
Volume :
60
Co-Authors:
Tomsheck, A.R., Department of Plant Sciences, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59717, United States
Strobel, G.A., Department of Plant Sciences, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59717, United States
Booth, E., Department of Plant Sciences, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59717, United States
Geary, B., Department of Plant and Wildlife Sciences, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT 84602, United States
Spakowicz, D., Department of Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520, United States
Knighton, B., Department of Chemistry, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59717, United States
Floerchinger, C., Department of Chemistry, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59717, United States
Sears, J., Center for Lab Services/RJ Lee Group, 2710 North 20th Ave, Pasco, WA 99301, United States
Liarzi, O., Department of Plant Pathology and Weed Research, ARO, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Ezra, D., Department of Plant Pathology and Weed Research, ARO, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
903
To page:
914
(
Total pages:
12
)
Abstract:
An endophytic fungus of Persea indica was identified, on the basis of its anamorphic stage, as Nodulosporium sp. by SEM. Partial sequence analysis of ITS rDNA revealed the identity of the teleomorphic stage of the fungus as Hypoxylon sp. It produces an impressive spectrum of volatile organic compounds (VOCs), most notably 1,8-cineole, 1-methyl-1,4-cyclohexadiene, and tentatively identified (+)-.alpha.-methylene-.alpha.-fenchocamphorone, among many others, most of which are unidentified. Six-day-old cultures of Hypoxylon sp. displayed maximal VOC-antimicrobial activity against Botrytis cinerea, Phytophthora cinnamomi, Cercospora beticola, and Sclerotinia sclerotiorum suggesting that the VOCs may play some role in the biology of the fungus and its survival in its host plant. Media containing starch- or sugar-related substrates best supported VOC production by the fungus. Direct on-line quantification of VOCs was measured by proton transfer mass spectrometry covering a continuous range with optimum VOC production occurred at 6 days at 145 ppmv with a rate of production of 7.65 ppmv/h. This report unequivocally demonstrates that 1,8-cineole (a monoterpene) is produced by a microorganism, which represents a novel and important source of this compound. This monoterpene is an octane derivative and has potential use as a fuel additive as do the other VOCs of this organism. Thus, fungal sourcing of this compound and other VOCs as produced by Hypoxylon sp. greatly expands their potential applications in medicine, industry, and energy production. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.
Note:
Related Files :
fungi
Genetics
metabolism
Microbiology
molecular genetics
Persea americana
Sclerotinia sclerotiorum
Symbiosis
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1007/s00248-010-9759-6
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
19672
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:30
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Scientific Publication
Hypoxylon sp., an endophyte of Persea indica, producing 1,8-Cineole and Other Bioactive Volatiles with Fuel Potential
60
Tomsheck, A.R., Department of Plant Sciences, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59717, United States
Strobel, G.A., Department of Plant Sciences, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59717, United States
Booth, E., Department of Plant Sciences, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59717, United States
Geary, B., Department of Plant and Wildlife Sciences, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT 84602, United States
Spakowicz, D., Department of Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520, United States
Knighton, B., Department of Chemistry, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59717, United States
Floerchinger, C., Department of Chemistry, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59717, United States
Sears, J., Center for Lab Services/RJ Lee Group, 2710 North 20th Ave, Pasco, WA 99301, United States
Liarzi, O., Department of Plant Pathology and Weed Research, ARO, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Ezra, D., Department of Plant Pathology and Weed Research, ARO, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Hypoxylon sp., an endophyte of Persea indica, producing 1,8-Cineole and Other Bioactive Volatiles with Fuel Potential
An endophytic fungus of Persea indica was identified, on the basis of its anamorphic stage, as Nodulosporium sp. by SEM. Partial sequence analysis of ITS rDNA revealed the identity of the teleomorphic stage of the fungus as Hypoxylon sp. It produces an impressive spectrum of volatile organic compounds (VOCs), most notably 1,8-cineole, 1-methyl-1,4-cyclohexadiene, and tentatively identified (+)-.alpha.-methylene-.alpha.-fenchocamphorone, among many others, most of which are unidentified. Six-day-old cultures of Hypoxylon sp. displayed maximal VOC-antimicrobial activity against Botrytis cinerea, Phytophthora cinnamomi, Cercospora beticola, and Sclerotinia sclerotiorum suggesting that the VOCs may play some role in the biology of the fungus and its survival in its host plant. Media containing starch- or sugar-related substrates best supported VOC production by the fungus. Direct on-line quantification of VOCs was measured by proton transfer mass spectrometry covering a continuous range with optimum VOC production occurred at 6 days at 145 ppmv with a rate of production of 7.65 ppmv/h. This report unequivocally demonstrates that 1,8-cineole (a monoterpene) is produced by a microorganism, which represents a novel and important source of this compound. This monoterpene is an octane derivative and has potential use as a fuel additive as do the other VOCs of this organism. Thus, fungal sourcing of this compound and other VOCs as produced by Hypoxylon sp. greatly expands their potential applications in medicine, industry, and energy production. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.
Scientific Publication
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