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Isolation and characterization of variant wheat cultivars for ABA sensitivity
Year:
1995
Source of publication :
Plant, Cell & Environment
Authors :
Sinmena, Bebi
;
.
Volume :
18
Co-Authors:
BLUM, A., Institute of Field Crops, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bel Dagan, Israel
SINMENA, B., Institute of Field Crops, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bel Dagan, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
77
To page:
83
(
Total pages:
7
)
Abstract:
Genetic variants for abscisic acid (ABA) sensitivity are important for investigating the role of ABA sensitivity in conditioning plant response to environmental stress, and especially to those soil conditions that may elicit a root‐mediated hormonal signal. This study was performed in order to isolate variation in ABA sensitivity among wheat (Triticum aestivum and T. durum) cultivars, as characterized by two plant responses: (i) shoot growth reduction in response to 5×10−2mol m−3 ABA (racemic) in the root medium of hydroponically grown plants, and (ii) changes in transpiration and gas exchange in a bioassay of detached leaves (leaflaminac) infused with 10−4mol m−3 ABA. Very significant (P≤0.01) and repeatable differences were found among 36 wheat cultivars and 19 landraces in the growth rate in ABA‐containing nutrient solutions, expressed as a percentage of the growth rate in control nutrient solutions (ABA/control ratio). In duplicate experiments, the ABA/control ratio ranged between 60 and 83% for the least sensitive cultivars (V2151‐3, Bethlehem, K1056 and Sunstar) and between 9 and 19% for the most sensitive cultivars (Sundor, Comet, Barkaec and V5). In the transpiration bioassay, performed with seven selected cultivars, it was found that the reductions in transpiration of ABA‐infused leaves corresponded very well with the reductions in growth in response to ABA in the root media. Measurement of gas exchange in the detached leaves of two cultivars differing in ABA sensitivity (Bethlehem and Sundor) showed that variable ABA sensitivity was expressed very well in the stomatal conductance, carbon exchange rate (CER) and photosynthetic capacity (CER/Ci ratio) of the leaf. These results therefore allowed us to isolate wheat variants for ABA sensitivity and to conclude that, while ABA sensitivity is expressed in the growth of plants challenged by ABA in the root medium, the control of sensitivity resides, at least partly, in the leaf. Copyright © 1995, Wiley Blackwell. All rights reserved
Note:
Related Files :
Abscisic acid
root
stomata
transpiration
Triticum
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More details
DOI :
10.1111/j.1365-3040.1995.tb00546.x
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
19735
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:31
Scientific Publication
Isolation and characterization of variant wheat cultivars for ABA sensitivity
18
BLUM, A., Institute of Field Crops, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bel Dagan, Israel
SINMENA, B., Institute of Field Crops, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bel Dagan, Israel
Isolation and characterization of variant wheat cultivars for ABA sensitivity
Genetic variants for abscisic acid (ABA) sensitivity are important for investigating the role of ABA sensitivity in conditioning plant response to environmental stress, and especially to those soil conditions that may elicit a root‐mediated hormonal signal. This study was performed in order to isolate variation in ABA sensitivity among wheat (Triticum aestivum and T. durum) cultivars, as characterized by two plant responses: (i) shoot growth reduction in response to 5×10−2mol m−3 ABA (racemic) in the root medium of hydroponically grown plants, and (ii) changes in transpiration and gas exchange in a bioassay of detached leaves (leaflaminac) infused with 10−4mol m−3 ABA. Very significant (P≤0.01) and repeatable differences were found among 36 wheat cultivars and 19 landraces in the growth rate in ABA‐containing nutrient solutions, expressed as a percentage of the growth rate in control nutrient solutions (ABA/control ratio). In duplicate experiments, the ABA/control ratio ranged between 60 and 83% for the least sensitive cultivars (V2151‐3, Bethlehem, K1056 and Sunstar) and between 9 and 19% for the most sensitive cultivars (Sundor, Comet, Barkaec and V5). In the transpiration bioassay, performed with seven selected cultivars, it was found that the reductions in transpiration of ABA‐infused leaves corresponded very well with the reductions in growth in response to ABA in the root media. Measurement of gas exchange in the detached leaves of two cultivars differing in ABA sensitivity (Bethlehem and Sundor) showed that variable ABA sensitivity was expressed very well in the stomatal conductance, carbon exchange rate (CER) and photosynthetic capacity (CER/Ci ratio) of the leaf. These results therefore allowed us to isolate wheat variants for ABA sensitivity and to conclude that, while ABA sensitivity is expressed in the growth of plants challenged by ABA in the root medium, the control of sensitivity resides, at least partly, in the leaf. Copyright © 1995, Wiley Blackwell. All rights reserved
Scientific Publication
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