נגישות
menu      
Advanced Search
Syntax
Search...
Volcani treasures
About
Terms of use
Manage
Community:
אסיף מאגר המחקר החקלאי
Powered by ClearMash Solutions Ltd -
Characterization of suspended particles collected in groundwater under natural gradient flow conditions
Year:
1992
Source of publication :
Water Resources Research
Authors :
Amiel Abraham J.
;
.
Volume :
28
Co-Authors:
Ronen, D.
Magaritz, M.
Weber, U.
Amiel, A.J.
Klein, E.
Facilitators :
From page:
1279
To page:
1291
(
Total pages:
13
)
Abstract:
Microscale Eulerian variations in the flux, mineralogical composition and size of suspended particles have been found in a contaminated sandy aquifer under natural gradient flow conditions ( ) during an 8‐month study period. Particle variability has been detected along a 16‐m saturated section of the aquifer at a scale of centimeters and meters in the vertical and horizontal dimensions, respectively. The average concentration of particles in groundwater varied between 1 and 40 mg/L, but high concentrations of up to 5000 mg/L were determined in specific 3‐cm vertical intervals of the aquifer. The particles were primarily composed of CaCO3 (11–57%), quartz (7–39%) and clays (8–43%). Most of the particles were within the 140–3000 nm size range with size modes varying from 310 to 660 nm. The large amounts of suspended particles are considered to be related to high inputs of dissolved organic carbon into groundwater, from sewage effluents which have been used for agricultural irrigation since the early 1960s. As a result of organic matter biodegradation in the saturated zone, anoxic conditions developed and the pCO2 content of groundwater increased dramatically (pCaCO2 = 10−1.8 to 10−1.3 atm). It is postulated that part of the carbonate cement of the rocks dissolved and detrital CaCO3, quartz and clay were released as colloidal particles. Part of the clay particles could have also been transported through the unsaturated zone into groundwater after mobilization from surface layers as a result of the intermittent input of water of different chemical quality. In the prevailing anoxic conditions of groundwater at the study site (dissolved oxygen concentrations of <1 mg/L) colloidal stability is enhanced by organic matter coating of particles. Copyright 1992 by the American Geophysical Union.
Note:
Related Files :
aquifer
aquifers
groundwater
Groundwater pollution
irrigation
Israel
natural gradient flow
Sewage effluent
trace metal
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1029/91WR02978
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
19818
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:31
You may also be interested in
Scientific Publication
Characterization of suspended particles collected in groundwater under natural gradient flow conditions
28
Ronen, D.
Magaritz, M.
Weber, U.
Amiel, A.J.
Klein, E.
Characterization of suspended particles collected in groundwater under natural gradient flow conditions
Microscale Eulerian variations in the flux, mineralogical composition and size of suspended particles have been found in a contaminated sandy aquifer under natural gradient flow conditions ( ) during an 8‐month study period. Particle variability has been detected along a 16‐m saturated section of the aquifer at a scale of centimeters and meters in the vertical and horizontal dimensions, respectively. The average concentration of particles in groundwater varied between 1 and 40 mg/L, but high concentrations of up to 5000 mg/L were determined in specific 3‐cm vertical intervals of the aquifer. The particles were primarily composed of CaCO3 (11–57%), quartz (7–39%) and clays (8–43%). Most of the particles were within the 140–3000 nm size range with size modes varying from 310 to 660 nm. The large amounts of suspended particles are considered to be related to high inputs of dissolved organic carbon into groundwater, from sewage effluents which have been used for agricultural irrigation since the early 1960s. As a result of organic matter biodegradation in the saturated zone, anoxic conditions developed and the pCO2 content of groundwater increased dramatically (pCaCO2 = 10−1.8 to 10−1.3 atm). It is postulated that part of the carbonate cement of the rocks dissolved and detrital CaCO3, quartz and clay were released as colloidal particles. Part of the clay particles could have also been transported through the unsaturated zone into groundwater after mobilization from surface layers as a result of the intermittent input of water of different chemical quality. In the prevailing anoxic conditions of groundwater at the study site (dissolved oxygen concentrations of <1 mg/L) colloidal stability is enhanced by organic matter coating of particles. Copyright 1992 by the American Geophysical Union.
Scientific Publication
You may also be interested in