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Cucurbits depicted in Byzantine mosaics from Israel, 350-600 ce
Year:
2014
Source of publication :
Annals of Botany
Authors :
Paris, Harry
;
.
Volume :
114
Co-Authors:
Avital, A., Department of Land of Israel Studies and Archaeology, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat Gan 52-900, Israel
Paris, H.S., Department of Vegetable Crops and Plant Genetics, Agricultural Research Organization, Newe ya'Ar Research Center, PO Box 1021, Ramat Yishay 30-095, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
203
To page:
222
(
Total pages:
20
)
Abstract:
Background and Aims Thousands of floor mosaics were produced in lands across the Roman and Byzantine empires. Some mosaics contain depictions of agricultural produce, potentially providing useful information concerning the contemporary presence and popularity of crop plants in a particular geographical region. Hundreds of floor mosaics produced in Israel during the Byzantine period have survived. The objective of the present work was to search these mosaics for Cucurbitaceae in order to obtain a more complete picture of cucurbit crop history in the eastern Mediterranean region. Results and Conclusions Twenty-three mosaics dating from 350-600 ce were found that had images positively identifiable as cucurbits. The morphological diversity of the cucurbit fruits in the mosaics of Israel is greater than that appearing in mosaics from any other Roman or Byzantine provincial area. The depicted fruits vary in shape from oblate to extremely long, and some are furrowed, others are striped and others lack definite markings. The cucurbit taxa depicted in the mosaics are Cucumis melo (melon), Citrullus lanatus (watermelon), Luffa aegyptiaca (sponge gourd) and Lagenaria siceraria (bottle gourd). Cucumis melo is the most frequently found taxon in the mosaics and is represented by round dessert melons and long snake melons. Fruits of at least two cultivars of snake melons and of watermelons are represented. To our knowledge, images of sponge gourds have not been found in Roman and Byzantine mosaics elsewhere. Indeed, the mosaics of Israel contain what are probably the oldest depictions of Luffa aegyptiaca in Mediterranean lands. Sponge gourds are depicted often, in 11 of the mosaics at eight localities, and the images include both mature fruits, which are useful for cleaning and washing, and immature fruits, which are edible. Only one mosaic has images positively identifiable as of bottle gourds, and these were round-pyriform and probably used as vessels. © 2014 The Author 2014.
Note:
Related Files :
Citrullus lanatus
Cucumis melo
Cucurbitaceae
Cucurbit history
Israel
Luffa cylindrical
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1093/aob/mcu106
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
19846
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:31
Scientific Publication
Cucurbits depicted in Byzantine mosaics from Israel, 350-600 ce
114
Avital, A., Department of Land of Israel Studies and Archaeology, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat Gan 52-900, Israel
Paris, H.S., Department of Vegetable Crops and Plant Genetics, Agricultural Research Organization, Newe ya'Ar Research Center, PO Box 1021, Ramat Yishay 30-095, Israel
Cucurbits depicted in Byzantine mosaics from Israel, 350-600 ce
Background and Aims Thousands of floor mosaics were produced in lands across the Roman and Byzantine empires. Some mosaics contain depictions of agricultural produce, potentially providing useful information concerning the contemporary presence and popularity of crop plants in a particular geographical region. Hundreds of floor mosaics produced in Israel during the Byzantine period have survived. The objective of the present work was to search these mosaics for Cucurbitaceae in order to obtain a more complete picture of cucurbit crop history in the eastern Mediterranean region. Results and Conclusions Twenty-three mosaics dating from 350-600 ce were found that had images positively identifiable as cucurbits. The morphological diversity of the cucurbit fruits in the mosaics of Israel is greater than that appearing in mosaics from any other Roman or Byzantine provincial area. The depicted fruits vary in shape from oblate to extremely long, and some are furrowed, others are striped and others lack definite markings. The cucurbit taxa depicted in the mosaics are Cucumis melo (melon), Citrullus lanatus (watermelon), Luffa aegyptiaca (sponge gourd) and Lagenaria siceraria (bottle gourd). Cucumis melo is the most frequently found taxon in the mosaics and is represented by round dessert melons and long snake melons. Fruits of at least two cultivars of snake melons and of watermelons are represented. To our knowledge, images of sponge gourds have not been found in Roman and Byzantine mosaics elsewhere. Indeed, the mosaics of Israel contain what are probably the oldest depictions of Luffa aegyptiaca in Mediterranean lands. Sponge gourds are depicted often, in 11 of the mosaics at eight localities, and the images include both mature fruits, which are useful for cleaning and washing, and immature fruits, which are edible. Only one mosaic has images positively identifiable as of bottle gourds, and these were round-pyriform and probably used as vessels. © 2014 The Author 2014.
Scientific Publication
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