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Solvation effect on organic compound interactions in soil organic matter
Year:
2001
Authors :
Borisover, Mikhail
;
.
Graber, Ellen
;
.
Reddy, Minolen
;
.
Volume :
35
Co-Authors:
Borisover, M., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Volcani Center ARO, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Reddy, M., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Volcani Center ARO, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Graber, E.R., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Volcani Center ARO, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
2518
To page:
2524
(
Total pages:
7
)
Abstract:
We examine sorption of pyridine by soil organic matter (SAM) from different organic media including n-hexadecane, acetonitrile, acetone, and n-hexadecane mixtures with either acetonitrile or acetone and compare it with sorption from water. By using an activity-based comparison, we distinguish between solvent-assisted and solvent-competitive sorption behavior. Pyridine was selected because it forms strong complexes with phenolic and carboxylic groups, such that site interactions should dominate interactions in SaM. It is anticipated that pyridine sorption will be illustrative of the importance of disrupting strong interactions in a condensed, shrunken SaM phase for many organic compounds. It was generally found that activity-normalized pyridine uptake was assisted by polar solvent molecules rather than suppressed due to competition. An explanation is tendered on the basis of our earlier hypothesis of water-assisted disruption of polar SaM contacts. Certain polar moieties of dry SaM are unavailable for compound sorption due to strong interactions between them. By penetrating SaM structure, solvent molecules (and water) solvate (hydrate) polar moieties creating new sorption sites. Solvent molecules must solvate both moieties of the polar contact, such that the driving force for solvent-assisted sorption is solvation of the partner of the disrupted contact that does not directly interact with the sorbate.
Note:
Related Files :
acetonitrile
Adsorption
humidity
pyridine
Pyridines
Soil orgaic matter
soil pollution
Soils
water
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1021/es001810d
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
19857
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:32
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Scientific Publication
Solvation effect on organic compound interactions in soil organic matter
35
Borisover, M., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Volcani Center ARO, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Reddy, M., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Volcani Center ARO, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Graber, E.R., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Volcani Center ARO, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Solvation effect on organic compound interactions in soil organic matter
We examine sorption of pyridine by soil organic matter (SAM) from different organic media including n-hexadecane, acetonitrile, acetone, and n-hexadecane mixtures with either acetonitrile or acetone and compare it with sorption from water. By using an activity-based comparison, we distinguish between solvent-assisted and solvent-competitive sorption behavior. Pyridine was selected because it forms strong complexes with phenolic and carboxylic groups, such that site interactions should dominate interactions in SaM. It is anticipated that pyridine sorption will be illustrative of the importance of disrupting strong interactions in a condensed, shrunken SaM phase for many organic compounds. It was generally found that activity-normalized pyridine uptake was assisted by polar solvent molecules rather than suppressed due to competition. An explanation is tendered on the basis of our earlier hypothesis of water-assisted disruption of polar SaM contacts. Certain polar moieties of dry SaM are unavailable for compound sorption due to strong interactions between them. By penetrating SaM structure, solvent molecules (and water) solvate (hydrate) polar moieties creating new sorption sites. Solvent molecules must solvate both moieties of the polar contact, such that the driving force for solvent-assisted sorption is solvation of the partner of the disrupted contact that does not directly interact with the sorbate.
Scientific Publication
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