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Investigation of productivity enhancement and biomechanical risks in greenhouse crops
Year:
2016
Source of publication :
Biosystems Engineering
Authors :
Bechar, Avital
;
.
Volume :
147
Co-Authors:
Riemer, R., Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, Ben Gurion University, Israel
Bechar, A., Institute of Agricultural Engineering, The Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
39
To page:
50
(
Total pages:
12
)
Abstract:
Labour is the single largest cost contributor and main limiting factor to development of the agricultural industry. Manual labour remains a major, essential factor for greenhouse-grown specialty crops. Furthermore, musculoskeletal injuries are prevalent during manual work processes performed in agricultural environments. This study aims to improve work efficiency and productivity and to identify tasks that can cause musculoskeletal injury. Working procedures were characterised using a work-study method, environmental conditions were recorded and a biomechanical analysis of the inspected task was conducted. An innovative measuring system was developed that enables synchronisation and analysis of the manufacturing, biomechanics, workload and environmental data. The study focused on the trellising and harvesting stages of pepper and tomato in greenhouses on two farms located in southwest Israel. We further conducted several experiments in which we changed the working method and assessed the effect on productivity. Another experiment was conducted to test the effect of three different trellising angles (30°, 60°, 90°) on labour and yield in tomato. The results revealed that in tomato, in comparison to current methods, picking 4 fruit per cycle will increase production rate by 17%, leaf removal from the fruit area will increase production rate by 14.4%-up to 40.2%-and the best trellising angle with respect to yield and labour will be 30°. Analysis of biomechanical risk showed that the maximum weight of lifted boxes should not exceed 12 kg, and when picking fruit growing low to the ground, the workers are exposed to medium to high risk of injury. © 2016 IAgrE.
Note:
Related Files :
Agricultural industries
Agriculture
Biomechanical analysis
Crops
Fruits
greenhouses
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1016/j.biosystemseng.2016.03.009
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
19913
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:32
Scientific Publication
Investigation of productivity enhancement and biomechanical risks in greenhouse crops
147
Riemer, R., Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, Ben Gurion University, Israel
Bechar, A., Institute of Agricultural Engineering, The Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Israel
Investigation of productivity enhancement and biomechanical risks in greenhouse crops
Labour is the single largest cost contributor and main limiting factor to development of the agricultural industry. Manual labour remains a major, essential factor for greenhouse-grown specialty crops. Furthermore, musculoskeletal injuries are prevalent during manual work processes performed in agricultural environments. This study aims to improve work efficiency and productivity and to identify tasks that can cause musculoskeletal injury. Working procedures were characterised using a work-study method, environmental conditions were recorded and a biomechanical analysis of the inspected task was conducted. An innovative measuring system was developed that enables synchronisation and analysis of the manufacturing, biomechanics, workload and environmental data. The study focused on the trellising and harvesting stages of pepper and tomato in greenhouses on two farms located in southwest Israel. We further conducted several experiments in which we changed the working method and assessed the effect on productivity. Another experiment was conducted to test the effect of three different trellising angles (30°, 60°, 90°) on labour and yield in tomato. The results revealed that in tomato, in comparison to current methods, picking 4 fruit per cycle will increase production rate by 17%, leaf removal from the fruit area will increase production rate by 14.4%-up to 40.2%-and the best trellising angle with respect to yield and labour will be 30°. Analysis of biomechanical risk showed that the maximum weight of lifted boxes should not exceed 12 kg, and when picking fruit growing low to the ground, the workers are exposed to medium to high risk of injury. © 2016 IAgrE.
Scientific Publication
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