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Identification and genetic evaluation of a new source of pod wart resistance for peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.)
Year:
2017
Source of publication :
Crop Science
Authors :
Fraiman-Meir, Deena
;
.
Volume :
57
Co-Authors:
Fraiman-Meir, D., Dep. of Field and Vegetable Crops, Plant Sciences Institute, ARO (Volcani Center), Bet Dagan, Israel, Faculty of Agricultural, Food and the Environmental Quality Sciences, The Hebrew Univ. of Jerusalem, POB 12, Rehovot, Israel
Hedvat, I., Dep. of Field and Vegetable Crops, Plant Sciences Institute, ARO (Volcani Center), Bet Dagan, Israel
Kayam, G., Dep. of Field and Vegetable Crops, Plant Sciences Institute, ARO (Volcani Center), Bet Dagan, Israel
Hovav, R., Dep. of Field and Vegetable Crops, Plant Sciences Institute, ARO (Volcani Center), Bet Dagan, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
617
To page:
625
(
Total pages:
9
)
Abstract:
Pod wart disease severely damages in-shell peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) production in areas in which peanut is routinely rotated with potato (Solanum tuberosum L.). It is caused by soil-borne Streptomyces that cause unsightly scabs that render the affected pods unmarketable. Since all elite peanut cultivars are susceptible to pod wart, a new genetic source of resistance is required. Here, the identification and evaluation of a new genetic source of pod wart resistance is reported. The US mini-core peanut collection was evaluated under field conditions, and the least susceptible genotypes were reevaluated in three locations. This led to the identification of two “landrace” genotypes that were significantly resistant to pod wart, with an average of 70% less infection than the control line. Two populations were prepared from crosses between these genotypes and an elite cultivar. Genetic analysis of segregating F2 populations showed that pod wart tolerance is polygenic with medium heritability estimations. No significant correlation was found between the incidence of pod wart and pod reticulation, indicating that the deep reticulation does not provide resistance. In addition, no significant correlation was found between the incidence of pod wart and pod yield, seed weight, or seed ratio. However, the incidence of disease was positively correlated with pod weight and pod length, indicating genetic linkage or a pleotropic effect on pod wart resistance. This study suggests that pod wart resistance can be selected in early generations of breeding pedigrees, but large populations are needed for optimal pyramiding of other pod- and yield-related traits. © Crop Science Society of America | 5585 Guilford Rd., Madison, WI 53711 USA All rights reserved.
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DOI :
10.2135/cropsci2015.11.0684
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
19916
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:32
Scientific Publication
Identification and genetic evaluation of a new source of pod wart resistance for peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.)
57
Fraiman-Meir, D., Dep. of Field and Vegetable Crops, Plant Sciences Institute, ARO (Volcani Center), Bet Dagan, Israel, Faculty of Agricultural, Food and the Environmental Quality Sciences, The Hebrew Univ. of Jerusalem, POB 12, Rehovot, Israel
Hedvat, I., Dep. of Field and Vegetable Crops, Plant Sciences Institute, ARO (Volcani Center), Bet Dagan, Israel
Kayam, G., Dep. of Field and Vegetable Crops, Plant Sciences Institute, ARO (Volcani Center), Bet Dagan, Israel
Hovav, R., Dep. of Field and Vegetable Crops, Plant Sciences Institute, ARO (Volcani Center), Bet Dagan, Israel
Identification and genetic evaluation of a new source of pod wart resistance for peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.)
Pod wart disease severely damages in-shell peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) production in areas in which peanut is routinely rotated with potato (Solanum tuberosum L.). It is caused by soil-borne Streptomyces that cause unsightly scabs that render the affected pods unmarketable. Since all elite peanut cultivars are susceptible to pod wart, a new genetic source of resistance is required. Here, the identification and evaluation of a new genetic source of pod wart resistance is reported. The US mini-core peanut collection was evaluated under field conditions, and the least susceptible genotypes were reevaluated in three locations. This led to the identification of two “landrace” genotypes that were significantly resistant to pod wart, with an average of 70% less infection than the control line. Two populations were prepared from crosses between these genotypes and an elite cultivar. Genetic analysis of segregating F2 populations showed that pod wart tolerance is polygenic with medium heritability estimations. No significant correlation was found between the incidence of pod wart and pod reticulation, indicating that the deep reticulation does not provide resistance. In addition, no significant correlation was found between the incidence of pod wart and pod yield, seed weight, or seed ratio. However, the incidence of disease was positively correlated with pod weight and pod length, indicating genetic linkage or a pleotropic effect on pod wart resistance. This study suggests that pod wart resistance can be selected in early generations of breeding pedigrees, but large populations are needed for optimal pyramiding of other pod- and yield-related traits. © Crop Science Society of America | 5585 Guilford Rd., Madison, WI 53711 USA All rights reserved.
Scientific Publication
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