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Effect of synthetic auxins on fruit size of five cultivars of Japanese plum (Prunus salicina Lindl.)
Year:
2007
Source of publication :
Scientia Horticulturae
Authors :
Flaishman, Moshe
;
.
Volume :
112
Co-Authors:
Stern, R.A., MIGAL, Galilee Technology Center, P.O. Box 831, Kiryat-Shmona 11016, Israel
Flaishman, M., Institute of Horticulture, ARO, The Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet-Dagan, 50250, Israel
Ben-Arie, R., Fruit Storage Research Laboratory, Kiryat Shmona, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
304
To page:
309
(
Total pages:
6
)
Abstract:
Most of the Japanese plum (Prunus salicina) cultivars grown in Israel produce relatively small fruit. Application of 2 l solution tree-1 of 25 mg l-1 2,4-dichlorophenoxypropionic acid (2,4-DP) as butoxyethyl ester (Power™), 15 mg l-1 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridyloxyacetic acid (3,5,6-TPA) as free acid (Maxim®), or 25 mg l-1 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) + 30 mg l-1 naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA) (0.3% Amigo™) at the beginning of pit-hardening, when fruitlet diameter was ca. 22 mm, caused an appreciable and significant increase in fruit size. The yield of large fruit per cv.: 'Kesselmen' (100% increase), 'Songold' (100%), 'Black Diamond' (800%), 'Royal Diamond' (160%) and 'Royal Zee' (100%). As a result, the total yield of all five cultivars was also increased dramatically. Anatomical studies with 'Songold' revealed that the main effect of these synthetic auxins was via direct stimulation of fruit cell enlargement. The above auxins had no negative effect either on fruit quality at harvest (and after 1 week in shelf-life), or on return yield in the following year. © 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Note:
Related Files :
auxins
crop yield
fruit size
Israel
Middle East
Prunus
Prunus domestica
Prunus salicina
Prunus salicina Lindl.
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Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1016/j.scienta.2006.12.032
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
19981
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:33
Scientific Publication
Effect of synthetic auxins on fruit size of five cultivars of Japanese plum (Prunus salicina Lindl.)
112
Stern, R.A., MIGAL, Galilee Technology Center, P.O. Box 831, Kiryat-Shmona 11016, Israel
Flaishman, M., Institute of Horticulture, ARO, The Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet-Dagan, 50250, Israel
Ben-Arie, R., Fruit Storage Research Laboratory, Kiryat Shmona, Israel
Effect of synthetic auxins on fruit size of five cultivars of Japanese plum (Prunus salicina Lindl.)
Most of the Japanese plum (Prunus salicina) cultivars grown in Israel produce relatively small fruit. Application of 2 l solution tree-1 of 25 mg l-1 2,4-dichlorophenoxypropionic acid (2,4-DP) as butoxyethyl ester (Power™), 15 mg l-1 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridyloxyacetic acid (3,5,6-TPA) as free acid (Maxim®), or 25 mg l-1 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) + 30 mg l-1 naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA) (0.3% Amigo™) at the beginning of pit-hardening, when fruitlet diameter was ca. 22 mm, caused an appreciable and significant increase in fruit size. The yield of large fruit per cv.: 'Kesselmen' (100% increase), 'Songold' (100%), 'Black Diamond' (800%), 'Royal Diamond' (160%) and 'Royal Zee' (100%). As a result, the total yield of all five cultivars was also increased dramatically. Anatomical studies with 'Songold' revealed that the main effect of these synthetic auxins was via direct stimulation of fruit cell enlargement. The above auxins had no negative effect either on fruit quality at harvest (and after 1 week in shelf-life), or on return yield in the following year. © 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Scientific Publication
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