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The role and limitations of microorganisms in the conversion of Xenobiotics
Year:
1990
Source of publication :
Pure and Applied Chemistry
Authors :
Aharonson, Nadav
;
.
Volume :
62
Co-Authors:
Golovleva, L.A., institute of Biochemistry & Physiology of Microorganisms, Pushchino, Moscow Region, Russian Federation
Aharonson, N., institute of Plant Protection, Agricultural Research Organization, Bet-Dagan 50, 250, Israel
Greenhalgh, R., Agriculture Canada, Research Branch, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0C6, Canada
Sethunathan, N., Central Rice Research Institute, Cuttack-743006, India
Vonk, J.W., Division of Technology for Society TNO, 2600 EA Delft, Netherlands
Facilitators :
From page:
351
To page:
364
(
Total pages:
14
)
Abstract:
The role of microorganisms in the detoxification of pesticides is described. Basic processes of microbial conversion of pesticides are considered with characterization of the enzymes that bring about these bioconversions. Special attention is paid to the processes of microbial transformation of pesticides that lead to more recalcitrant and toxic intermediates compared to their parent compounds. Microorganisms prove to be responsible for both enhanced degradation of pesticides and formation of soil-bound pesticide residues and, conversely, their release. A few examples of such transformations are considered and causes underlying them are discussed. A separate section is devoted to the use of biotechnology in agriculture and to prospects of practical application of microorganisms for degradation of pesticides. © 1990 De Gruyter
Note:
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More details
DOI :
10.1351/pac199062020351
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
19983
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:33
Scientific Publication
The role and limitations of microorganisms in the conversion of Xenobiotics
62
Golovleva, L.A., institute of Biochemistry & Physiology of Microorganisms, Pushchino, Moscow Region, Russian Federation
Aharonson, N., institute of Plant Protection, Agricultural Research Organization, Bet-Dagan 50, 250, Israel
Greenhalgh, R., Agriculture Canada, Research Branch, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0C6, Canada
Sethunathan, N., Central Rice Research Institute, Cuttack-743006, India
Vonk, J.W., Division of Technology for Society TNO, 2600 EA Delft, Netherlands
The role and limitations of microorganisms in the conversion of Xenobiotics
The role of microorganisms in the detoxification of pesticides is described. Basic processes of microbial conversion of pesticides are considered with characterization of the enzymes that bring about these bioconversions. Special attention is paid to the processes of microbial transformation of pesticides that lead to more recalcitrant and toxic intermediates compared to their parent compounds. Microorganisms prove to be responsible for both enhanced degradation of pesticides and formation of soil-bound pesticide residues and, conversely, their release. A few examples of such transformations are considered and causes underlying them are discussed. A separate section is devoted to the use of biotechnology in agriculture and to prospects of practical application of microorganisms for degradation of pesticides. © 1990 De Gruyter
Scientific Publication
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