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Root water uptake efficiency under ultra-high irrigation frequency
Year:
2006
Source of publication :
Plant and Soil
Authors :
Ben-Gal, Alon
;
.
Segal, Eran
;
.
Volume :
282
Co-Authors:
Segal, E., Faculty of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Quality Sciences, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, P.O. Box 12, 76100, Rehovot, Israel
Ben-Gal, A., Agricultural Research Organization, Gilat Research Center, 85280, Mobile Post Negev, Israel
Shani, U., Faculty of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Quality Sciences, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, P.O. Box 12, 76100, Rehovot, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
333
To page:
341
(
Total pages:
9
)
Abstract:
We investigated the hypothesis that continuous water application allows favorable and steady water content and hydraulic conductivity in the root zone, thus enabling higher water potential in the soil-root interface (ψroot). Elevated ψroot increases transpiration (T) and prevents yield loss due to stomatal closure or to low root osmotic potential that develops in response to low ψroot. We assume further, that the advantage of continuous water application is more pronounced for young plants, where water uptake per root length and competition on resources in the root system is higher. We investigated this hypothesis by examining the average water content of the root zone and T as a function of time for sunflowers grown under varied irrigation frequencies experimentally and in a modeled simulations, and by solving for the necessary effective root length and ψroot for each case. High frequency water application was shown to positively affect root water uptake efficiency and yield, especially when plants were young. Irrigation frequency affected growth through the water content in the bulk soil (θsoil) which in turn affects ψroot. A low θsoil and coupled low hydraulic conductivity decreased T and yield. Moreover, a decreased θsoil caused low ψroot, inefficient allocation of energy and carbohydrates and eventual yield loss. It was likely that these phenomena were more pronounced with young plants due to higher water uptake per root length. © Springer 2006.
Note:
Related Files :
angiosperm
Helianthus
irrigation
rhizosphere
roots
soil
transpiration
Water uptake
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Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1007/s11104-006-0003-6
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
19997
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:33
Scientific Publication
Root water uptake efficiency under ultra-high irrigation frequency
282
Segal, E., Faculty of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Quality Sciences, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, P.O. Box 12, 76100, Rehovot, Israel
Ben-Gal, A., Agricultural Research Organization, Gilat Research Center, 85280, Mobile Post Negev, Israel
Shani, U., Faculty of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Quality Sciences, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, P.O. Box 12, 76100, Rehovot, Israel
Root water uptake efficiency under ultra-high irrigation frequency
We investigated the hypothesis that continuous water application allows favorable and steady water content and hydraulic conductivity in the root zone, thus enabling higher water potential in the soil-root interface (ψroot). Elevated ψroot increases transpiration (T) and prevents yield loss due to stomatal closure or to low root osmotic potential that develops in response to low ψroot. We assume further, that the advantage of continuous water application is more pronounced for young plants, where water uptake per root length and competition on resources in the root system is higher. We investigated this hypothesis by examining the average water content of the root zone and T as a function of time for sunflowers grown under varied irrigation frequencies experimentally and in a modeled simulations, and by solving for the necessary effective root length and ψroot for each case. High frequency water application was shown to positively affect root water uptake efficiency and yield, especially when plants were young. Irrigation frequency affected growth through the water content in the bulk soil (θsoil) which in turn affects ψroot. A low θsoil and coupled low hydraulic conductivity decreased T and yield. Moreover, a decreased θsoil caused low ψroot, inefficient allocation of energy and carbohydrates and eventual yield loss. It was likely that these phenomena were more pronounced with young plants due to higher water uptake per root length. © Springer 2006.
Scientific Publication
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