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Relationships between stomatal regulation, water-use, and water-use efficiency of two coexisting key Mediterranean tree species
Year:
2013
Source of publication :
Forest Ecology and Management
Authors :
Cohen, Shabtai
;
.
Volume :
302
Co-Authors:
Klein, T., Department of Environmental Sciences and Energy Research, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Shpringer, I., Department of Environmental Sciences and Energy Research, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Fikler, B., Department of Environmental Sciences and Energy Research, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Elbaz, G., Department of Environmental Sciences and Energy Research, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Cohen, S., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, ARO Volcani Center, Beit Dagan 50250, Israel
Yakir, D., Department of Environmental Sciences and Energy Research, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
34
To page:
42
(
Total pages:
9
)
Abstract:
This study aims to test the hypothesis that as leaf water potential decreases, stomatal conductance (gs) and total water use decrease faster in trees tending toward isohydric behavior than in coexisting anisohydric trees.We measured leaf gas exchange rates in two key Mediterranean species: Pinus halepensis (isohydric) and Quercus calliprinos (anisohydric) growing together in two different sites during seven field campaigns over 14months. Intrinsic water-use efficiency (WUEi) was calculated from gas exchange ratios, and independently from carbon isotopic composition, δ13C, of annual tree-ring sub-sections in four representative growth years.As expected, gs was greatly restricted already at VPD<3kPa in pine trees whereas in oak trees gs was dynamically adjusted even at VPD>5kPa. Consequently, mean transpiration rates were 0.2-2.2 and 0.5-3.9mmolm2s-1 in coexisting pines and oaks, respectively. Mean δ13C values were 1.5‰ higher in tree-rings of the pine compared to the oak trees, consistent with the differences in WUEi between 75 and 64μmol CO2mol-1 H2O in pines and oaks, respectively, based on the short-term gas exchange measurements.A preliminary attempt to upscale the results to typical forest stands of the two species, on annual time-scales, demonstrated that the differences in stomatal regulation and water-use could imply ~30% higher water-use (or ~70% lower water yield) in oak stand compared to pine stand, related to its tendency toward anisohydric behavior. This sets the limit for typical 300treesha-1 oak and pine stands at the 460 and 360mm iso-precipitation lines, respectively, consistent with their current distribution along the precipitation gradient in our region. The results can help predict or manage changes in species composition in the face of increasing water limitations in Mediterranean regions. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.
Note:
Related Files :
Forestry
Pinus halepensis
Quercus
transpiration
Tree rings
water
water use efficiency
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1016/j.foreco.2013.03.044
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
20085
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:33
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Scientific Publication
Relationships between stomatal regulation, water-use, and water-use efficiency of two coexisting key Mediterranean tree species
302
Klein, T., Department of Environmental Sciences and Energy Research, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Shpringer, I., Department of Environmental Sciences and Energy Research, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Fikler, B., Department of Environmental Sciences and Energy Research, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Elbaz, G., Department of Environmental Sciences and Energy Research, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Cohen, S., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, ARO Volcani Center, Beit Dagan 50250, Israel
Yakir, D., Department of Environmental Sciences and Energy Research, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Relationships between stomatal regulation, water-use, and water-use efficiency of two coexisting key Mediterranean tree species
This study aims to test the hypothesis that as leaf water potential decreases, stomatal conductance (gs) and total water use decrease faster in trees tending toward isohydric behavior than in coexisting anisohydric trees.We measured leaf gas exchange rates in two key Mediterranean species: Pinus halepensis (isohydric) and Quercus calliprinos (anisohydric) growing together in two different sites during seven field campaigns over 14months. Intrinsic water-use efficiency (WUEi) was calculated from gas exchange ratios, and independently from carbon isotopic composition, δ13C, of annual tree-ring sub-sections in four representative growth years.As expected, gs was greatly restricted already at VPD<3kPa in pine trees whereas in oak trees gs was dynamically adjusted even at VPD>5kPa. Consequently, mean transpiration rates were 0.2-2.2 and 0.5-3.9mmolm2s-1 in coexisting pines and oaks, respectively. Mean δ13C values were 1.5‰ higher in tree-rings of the pine compared to the oak trees, consistent with the differences in WUEi between 75 and 64μmol CO2mol-1 H2O in pines and oaks, respectively, based on the short-term gas exchange measurements.A preliminary attempt to upscale the results to typical forest stands of the two species, on annual time-scales, demonstrated that the differences in stomatal regulation and water-use could imply ~30% higher water-use (or ~70% lower water yield) in oak stand compared to pine stand, related to its tendency toward anisohydric behavior. This sets the limit for typical 300treesha-1 oak and pine stands at the 460 and 360mm iso-precipitation lines, respectively, consistent with their current distribution along the precipitation gradient in our region. The results can help predict or manage changes in species composition in the face of increasing water limitations in Mediterranean regions. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.
Scientific Publication
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