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Quantification of Selected Endogenous Hydroxy-oxylipins from Tropical Marine Macroalgae
Year:
2014
Source of publication :
Marine Biotechnology
Authors :
Kumari, Puja
;
.
Volume :
16
Co-Authors:
Kumari, P., Discipline of Marine Biotechnology and Ecology, CSIR-Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute, Bhavnagar, 364002 Gujarat, India
Reddy, R., Discipline of Marine Biotechnology and Ecology, CSIR-Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute, Bhavnagar, 364002 Gujarat, India
Jha, B., Discipline of Marine Biotechnology and Ecology, CSIR-Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute, Bhavnagar, 364002 Gujarat, India
Facilitators :
From page:
74
To page:
87
(
Total pages:
14
)
Abstract:
The present study investigated the contents of hydroxy-oxylipins hydroxyoctadecadienoic acids (HODEs), hydroxyoctadecatrienoic acids (HOTrEs), and hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acids (HETEs) in 40 macroalgae belonging to the Chlorophyceae, Rhodophyceae and, Phaeophyceae. The hydroxy-oxylipin content was low and ranged from 0.14 ± 0.012 ng/g (Codium dwarkense) to 8,161.9 ± 253 ng/g (Chaetomorpha linum) among the Chlorophyceae, 345.4 ± 56.8 ng/g (Scytosiphon lomentaria) to 2,574.5 ± 155.5 ng/g (Stoechospermum marginatum) among the Phaeophyceae, and 19.4 ± 2.2 ng/g (Laurencia cruciata) to 1,753.1 ± 268.2 ng/g in Gracilaria corticata v. folifera) among the Rhodophyceae on fresh weight basis (p ≤ 0.01). The concentrations of C18-oxylipins were greater than C20-oxylipins in all the investigated macroalgae, except forUlva linza, Codium sursum, Dictyopteris deliculata, S. marginatum, Sargassum tenerrimum, Gracilaria spp. (except G. textorii), Rhodymenia sonderi, and Odonthalia veravalensis.The macroalgal species rich in HODEs, HOTrEs, and HETEs were segregated using principal component analysis. The red macroalgae showed the highest contents of HETEs, followed by brown and green macroalgae in consistent with their PUFA profiles. The relative contents of isomeric forms of oxylipins displayed the species-specific positional selectivity of lipoxygenase (LOX) enzyme in macroalgae. All the species exhibited 13-LOX specificity for linoleic acid analogous of higher plants, while 21 out of 40 species showed 9-LOX selectivity for the oxygenation of α-linolenic acid. No trend was observed for the oxygenation of arachidonic acid in macroalgae, except for in the Halymeniales, Ceramiales (except L. cruciata), and Corallinales. This study infers that LOX products, octadecanoids and eicosanoids, described in macroalgal taxa were similar to those of higher plants and mammals, respectively, and thus can be utilized as an alternative source of chemically synthesized oxylipin analogues in therapeutics, cosmetics, and nutritional oil supplements. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York.
Note:
Related Files :
chemistry
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
enzyme
green alga
India
macroalga
metabolism
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1007/s10126-013-9533-0
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
20160
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:34
Scientific Publication
Quantification of Selected Endogenous Hydroxy-oxylipins from Tropical Marine Macroalgae
16
Kumari, P., Discipline of Marine Biotechnology and Ecology, CSIR-Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute, Bhavnagar, 364002 Gujarat, India
Reddy, R., Discipline of Marine Biotechnology and Ecology, CSIR-Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute, Bhavnagar, 364002 Gujarat, India
Jha, B., Discipline of Marine Biotechnology and Ecology, CSIR-Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute, Bhavnagar, 364002 Gujarat, India
Quantification of Selected Endogenous Hydroxy-oxylipins from Tropical Marine Macroalgae
The present study investigated the contents of hydroxy-oxylipins hydroxyoctadecadienoic acids (HODEs), hydroxyoctadecatrienoic acids (HOTrEs), and hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acids (HETEs) in 40 macroalgae belonging to the Chlorophyceae, Rhodophyceae and, Phaeophyceae. The hydroxy-oxylipin content was low and ranged from 0.14 ± 0.012 ng/g (Codium dwarkense) to 8,161.9 ± 253 ng/g (Chaetomorpha linum) among the Chlorophyceae, 345.4 ± 56.8 ng/g (Scytosiphon lomentaria) to 2,574.5 ± 155.5 ng/g (Stoechospermum marginatum) among the Phaeophyceae, and 19.4 ± 2.2 ng/g (Laurencia cruciata) to 1,753.1 ± 268.2 ng/g in Gracilaria corticata v. folifera) among the Rhodophyceae on fresh weight basis (p ≤ 0.01). The concentrations of C18-oxylipins were greater than C20-oxylipins in all the investigated macroalgae, except forUlva linza, Codium sursum, Dictyopteris deliculata, S. marginatum, Sargassum tenerrimum, Gracilaria spp. (except G. textorii), Rhodymenia sonderi, and Odonthalia veravalensis.The macroalgal species rich in HODEs, HOTrEs, and HETEs were segregated using principal component analysis. The red macroalgae showed the highest contents of HETEs, followed by brown and green macroalgae in consistent with their PUFA profiles. The relative contents of isomeric forms of oxylipins displayed the species-specific positional selectivity of lipoxygenase (LOX) enzyme in macroalgae. All the species exhibited 13-LOX specificity for linoleic acid analogous of higher plants, while 21 out of 40 species showed 9-LOX selectivity for the oxygenation of α-linolenic acid. No trend was observed for the oxygenation of arachidonic acid in macroalgae, except for in the Halymeniales, Ceramiales (except L. cruciata), and Corallinales. This study infers that LOX products, octadecanoids and eicosanoids, described in macroalgal taxa were similar to those of higher plants and mammals, respectively, and thus can be utilized as an alternative source of chemically synthesized oxylipin analogues in therapeutics, cosmetics, and nutritional oil supplements. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York.
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