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Osteopontin gene expression and alkaline phosphatase activity in avian tibial dyschondroplasia
Year:
1995
Source of publication :
Bone
Authors :
Barak-Shalom, T.
;
.
Hurvitz, Shmuel (Animal science)
;
.
Knopov, Viktor
;
.
Pines, Mark
;
.
Volume :
16
Co-Authors:
Knopov, V., Institute of Animal Science, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Leach, R.M., Department of Poultry Sciences, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, United States
Barak-Shalom, T., Institute of Animal Science, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Hurwitz, S., Institute of Animal Science, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Pines, M., Institute of Animal Science, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
0
To page:
0
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Total pages:
1
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Abstract:
Osteopontin (OPN) gene expression and alkaline phosphatase activity were evaluated in the epiphyseal growth plates of normal chickens and in diet-induced tibial dyschondroplasia (TD)-afflicted chickens. In the normal growth plate, OPN gene was expressed by a) cells of the subperichondrial zone surrounding the articular cartilage, b) a narrow layer of hypertrophic chondrocytes at the hypertrophic zone, and c) lower hypertrophic chondrocytes at the zone of matrix calcification and endochondral bone formation. The latter two layers were separated by OPN-negative chondrocytes. Osteopontin gene was not expressed throughout the zone of articular cartilage in the nonhypertrophic or upper hypertrophic portions of the growth plate cartilage. Only at sites of calcification of the lower hypertrophic zone was the expression of the OPN gene associated with alkaline phosphatase activity. In all TD lesions, regardless of the induction procedure, the layer of chondrocytes of the lower hypertrophic zone expressing the OPN gene and the layer of OPNnegative cells separating the two areas of OPN-expressing cells were grossly enlarged. This resulted in a wide discontinuity between the chondrocytes of the lower hypertrophic zone expressing the OPN gene and the cells expressing the OPN gene that are associated with mineralization. In TD, no alkaline phosphatase activity was detected within the growth plate cartilage, but normal OPN gene expression was observed at the subperichondrium zone and at the zone of endochondral bone formation. The results of this study suggest that in the epiphyseal growth plate, OPN expression is not restricted to sites of bone calcification. © 1995 Elsevier Science Inc.
Note:
Related Files :
Animal
animal cell
animal experiment
Chickens
gene expression
Growth plate
Osteochondrodysplasias
Phosphoproteins
RNA
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Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1016/S8756-3282(95)80289-4
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
20362
Last updated date:
21/08/2022 07:45
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:35
You may also be interested in
Scientific Publication
Osteopontin gene expression and alkaline phosphatase activity in avian tibial dyschondroplasia
16
Knopov, V., Institute of Animal Science, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Leach, R.M., Department of Poultry Sciences, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, United States
Barak-Shalom, T., Institute of Animal Science, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Hurwitz, S., Institute of Animal Science, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Pines, M., Institute of Animal Science, Agricultural Research Organization, The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Osteopontin gene expression and alkaline phosphatase activity in avian tibial dyschondroplasia
Osteopontin (OPN) gene expression and alkaline phosphatase activity were evaluated in the epiphyseal growth plates of normal chickens and in diet-induced tibial dyschondroplasia (TD)-afflicted chickens. In the normal growth plate, OPN gene was expressed by a) cells of the subperichondrial zone surrounding the articular cartilage, b) a narrow layer of hypertrophic chondrocytes at the hypertrophic zone, and c) lower hypertrophic chondrocytes at the zone of matrix calcification and endochondral bone formation. The latter two layers were separated by OPN-negative chondrocytes. Osteopontin gene was not expressed throughout the zone of articular cartilage in the nonhypertrophic or upper hypertrophic portions of the growth plate cartilage. Only at sites of calcification of the lower hypertrophic zone was the expression of the OPN gene associated with alkaline phosphatase activity. In all TD lesions, regardless of the induction procedure, the layer of chondrocytes of the lower hypertrophic zone expressing the OPN gene and the layer of OPNnegative cells separating the two areas of OPN-expressing cells were grossly enlarged. This resulted in a wide discontinuity between the chondrocytes of the lower hypertrophic zone expressing the OPN gene and the cells expressing the OPN gene that are associated with mineralization. In TD, no alkaline phosphatase activity was detected within the growth plate cartilage, but normal OPN gene expression was observed at the subperichondrium zone and at the zone of endochondral bone formation. The results of this study suggest that in the epiphyseal growth plate, OPN expression is not restricted to sites of bone calcification. © 1995 Elsevier Science Inc.
Scientific Publication
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