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Fallik, E., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh produce, The Volcani Center, Agricultural Research Organization, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
The chapter describes the possibilities of using physical means and particularly heat treatments, to suppress the development of Aspergillus, Penicillium, and Alternaria species responsible for the accumulation of mycotoxins. Aspergillus molds are found worldwide. The genus includes over 150 species, some of which may infect fruits and vegetables and are capable of producing mycotoxins that adversely affect humans and animals health via consumption. These include alfatoxins and ochratoxin A, both of which are found to be carcinogenic. Penicillium expansum, the causal agent of the blue mold rot, is a common postharvest pathogen on apples and pears worldwide. Furthermore, Alternaria is a cosmopolitan fungus commonly isolated from plants, soil, food, and outdoor and indoor air environment. The genus Alternaria currently contains more than 50 species, among which, A. alternata is the most common one. Alternaria species are some of the most prodigious producers of toxic secondary metabolites, producing over 70 compounds of varying toxicity. © 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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Physical Control of Mycotoxigenic Fungi
Fallik, E., Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh produce, The Volcani Center, Agricultural Research Organization, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Physical Control of Mycotoxigenic Fungi
The chapter describes the possibilities of using physical means and particularly heat treatments, to suppress the development of Aspergillus, Penicillium, and Alternaria species responsible for the accumulation of mycotoxins. Aspergillus molds are found worldwide. The genus includes over 150 species, some of which may infect fruits and vegetables and are capable of producing mycotoxins that adversely affect humans and animals health via consumption. These include alfatoxins and ochratoxin A, both of which are found to be carcinogenic. Penicillium expansum, the causal agent of the blue mold rot, is a common postharvest pathogen on apples and pears worldwide. Furthermore, Alternaria is a cosmopolitan fungus commonly isolated from plants, soil, food, and outdoor and indoor air environment. The genus Alternaria currently contains more than 50 species, among which, A. alternata is the most common one. Alternaria species are some of the most prodigious producers of toxic secondary metabolites, producing over 70 compounds of varying toxicity. © 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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