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Fatty Acid-and Retinol-Binding Protein, Mj-FAR-1 Induces Tomato Host Susceptibility to Root-Knot Nematodes
Year:
2013
Source of publication :
PLoS ONE
Authors :
Firester, Kalia
;
.
Horowitz, Sigal Brown
;
.
Iberkleid, Ionit
;
.
Spiegel, Yitzhak
;
.
Volume :
8
Co-Authors:
Iberkleid, I., Department of Entomology, Nematology and Chemistry units, Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel, Department of Plant Pathology and Microbiology, The Faculty of Agriculture Food and Environment, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
Vieira, P., UMR Institut Sophia Agrobiotech INRA/CNRS/UNS, Sophia Antipolis, France, NemaLab/ICAAM - Instituto de Ciências Agrárias e Ambientais Mediterrânicas, Universidade de Évora, Évora, Portugal
de Almeida Engler, J., UMR Institut Sophia Agrobiotech INRA/CNRS/UNS, Sophia Antipolis, France
Firester, K., Department of Entomology, Nematology and Chemistry units, Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Spiegel, Y., Department of Entomology, Nematology and Chemistry units, Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Horowitz, S.B., Department of Entomology, Nematology and Chemistry units, Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
0
To page:
0
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Total pages:
1
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Abstract:
Plant-parasitic nematodes produce at least one structurally unique class of small helix-rich retinol- and fatty-acid-binding proteins that have no counterparts in their plant hosts. Herein we describe a protein of the plant-parasitic root-knot nematode Meloidogyne javanica, which is a member of the nematode-specific fatty-acid- and retinol-binding (Mj-FAR-1) family of proteins. The mj-far-1 mRNA was detected through M. javanica pre-parasitic J2s, migratory and sedentary parasitic stages by quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Immunolocalization assays demonstrate that the FAR protein of Meloidogyne is secreted during sedentary stages, as evidenced by the accumulation of FAR at the nematode cuticle surface and along the adjacent host root tissues. Tomato roots constitutively expressing mj-far-1 demonstrated an increased susceptibility to root-knot nematodes infection as observed by accelerated gall induction and expansion, accompanied by a higher percentage of nematodes developing into mature females compared to control roots. RNA interference assays that expressed double-stranded RNA complementary to mj-far-1 in transgenic tomato lines specifically reduced nematode infection levels. Histological analysis of nematode-infested roots indicated that in roots overexpressing mj-far-1, galls contained larger feeding cells and might support a faster nematode development and maturation. Roots overexpressing mj-far-1 suppressed jasmonic acid responsive genes such as the proteinase inhibitor (Pin2) and γ-thionin, illustrating the possible role of Mj-FAR-1 in manipulating the lipid based signaling in planta. This data, suggests that Meloidogyne FAR might have a strategic function during the interaction of the nematode with its plant host. Our study present the first demonstration of an in planta functional characterization and localization of FAR proteins secreted by plant-parasitic nematodes. It provides evidence that Mj-FAR-1 facilitates infection most likely via the manipulation of host lipid-based defenses, as critical components for a successful parasitism by plant-parasitic nematodes. © 2013 Iberkleid et al.
Note:
Related Files :
Animals
fatty acids
gene expression
jasmonic acid
retinol binding protein
unclassified drug
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More details
DOI :
10.1371/journal.pone.0064586
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
20862
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:39
You may also be interested in
Scientific Publication
Fatty Acid-and Retinol-Binding Protein, Mj-FAR-1 Induces Tomato Host Susceptibility to Root-Knot Nematodes
8
Iberkleid, I., Department of Entomology, Nematology and Chemistry units, Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel, Department of Plant Pathology and Microbiology, The Faculty of Agriculture Food and Environment, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
Vieira, P., UMR Institut Sophia Agrobiotech INRA/CNRS/UNS, Sophia Antipolis, France, NemaLab/ICAAM - Instituto de Ciências Agrárias e Ambientais Mediterrânicas, Universidade de Évora, Évora, Portugal
de Almeida Engler, J., UMR Institut Sophia Agrobiotech INRA/CNRS/UNS, Sophia Antipolis, France
Firester, K., Department of Entomology, Nematology and Chemistry units, Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Spiegel, Y., Department of Entomology, Nematology and Chemistry units, Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Horowitz, S.B., Department of Entomology, Nematology and Chemistry units, Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), The Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel
Fatty Acid-and Retinol-Binding Protein, Mj-FAR-1 Induces Tomato Host Susceptibility to Root-Knot Nematodes
Plant-parasitic nematodes produce at least one structurally unique class of small helix-rich retinol- and fatty-acid-binding proteins that have no counterparts in their plant hosts. Herein we describe a protein of the plant-parasitic root-knot nematode Meloidogyne javanica, which is a member of the nematode-specific fatty-acid- and retinol-binding (Mj-FAR-1) family of proteins. The mj-far-1 mRNA was detected through M. javanica pre-parasitic J2s, migratory and sedentary parasitic stages by quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Immunolocalization assays demonstrate that the FAR protein of Meloidogyne is secreted during sedentary stages, as evidenced by the accumulation of FAR at the nematode cuticle surface and along the adjacent host root tissues. Tomato roots constitutively expressing mj-far-1 demonstrated an increased susceptibility to root-knot nematodes infection as observed by accelerated gall induction and expansion, accompanied by a higher percentage of nematodes developing into mature females compared to control roots. RNA interference assays that expressed double-stranded RNA complementary to mj-far-1 in transgenic tomato lines specifically reduced nematode infection levels. Histological analysis of nematode-infested roots indicated that in roots overexpressing mj-far-1, galls contained larger feeding cells and might support a faster nematode development and maturation. Roots overexpressing mj-far-1 suppressed jasmonic acid responsive genes such as the proteinase inhibitor (Pin2) and γ-thionin, illustrating the possible role of Mj-FAR-1 in manipulating the lipid based signaling in planta. This data, suggests that Meloidogyne FAR might have a strategic function during the interaction of the nematode with its plant host. Our study present the first demonstration of an in planta functional characterization and localization of FAR proteins secreted by plant-parasitic nematodes. It provides evidence that Mj-FAR-1 facilitates infection most likely via the manipulation of host lipid-based defenses, as critical components for a successful parasitism by plant-parasitic nematodes. © 2013 Iberkleid et al.
Scientific Publication
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