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Protection of Metarhizium anisopliae conidia from ultra-violet radiation and their pathogenicity to Rhipicephalus evertsi evertsi ticks (Diseases of Mites and Ticks)
Year:
2009
Source of publication :
Diseases of Mites and Ticks
Authors :
Gindin, Galina
;
.
Glazer, Itamar
;
.
Volume :
Co-Authors:

Hedimbi, M., Department of Biological Sciences, University of Namibia, Private Bag 13301, Windhoek, Namibia
Kaaya, G.P., Department of Biological Sciences, University of Namibia, Private Bag 13301, Windhoek, Namibia
Singh, S., Department of Physics, University of Namibia, Private Bag 13301, Windhoek, Namibia
Chimwamurombe, P.M., Department of Biological Sciences, University of Namibia, Private Bag 13301, Windhoek, Namibia
Gindin, G., ARO, Volcani Centre, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Glazer, I., ARO, Volcani Centre, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Samish, M., Department of Parasitology, Kimron Veterinary Institute, P.O. Box 12, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel

Facilitators :
From page:
149
To page:
156
(
Total pages:
8
)
Abstract:
Metarhizium anisopliae conidia were formulated in water or in olive oil containing 3% commercial sunscreens (Everysun® or E45 Sun Block 50®) and exposed to an artificial UV source for up to 5 hours. Survival of conidia after 5 h of exposure to UV in oil formulation was 29% when protected with Everysun, 40% when protected with E45, and 4% in control. In comparison, survival of conidia formulated in water was 13% when protected with Everysun, 24% when protected with E45, and 0% in control. Furthermore, the influence of sunscreens on conidia viability and virulence to Rhipicephalus evertsi evertsi larvae and unfed adult ticks was evaluated. Adding these compounds to the conidial formulations did not reduce the viability of the conidia. Larval mortality was 95 and 100%, while unfed adult mortality was 90 and 97% after being exposed to unprotected conidia formulated in water or in oil, respectively. Conidia protected by Everysun or E45 formulated in water, induced 88 and 83% mortality in larvae, and 92 and 90% mortality in unfed adults, respectively. Conidia suspended in oil and protected by Everysun or E45 induced 94 and 91% mortality in larvae, and 83 and 81% in unfed adults, respectively. These observations indicate that olive oil and the two sunscreens confer protection to conidia against damages by UV radiation without interfering with their pathogenicity to ticks. © Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009.
Note:
Related Files :
Conidial germination
Metarhizium anisopliae
Rhipicephalus evertsi evertsi
Sunscreens
Ultra-violet radiation
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1007/978-1-4020-9695-2_12
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
Book chapter
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
21098
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:41
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Scientific Publication
Protection of Metarhizium anisopliae conidia from ultra-violet radiation and their pathogenicity to Rhipicephalus evertsi evertsi ticks (Diseases of Mites and Ticks)

Hedimbi, M., Department of Biological Sciences, University of Namibia, Private Bag 13301, Windhoek, Namibia
Kaaya, G.P., Department of Biological Sciences, University of Namibia, Private Bag 13301, Windhoek, Namibia
Singh, S., Department of Physics, University of Namibia, Private Bag 13301, Windhoek, Namibia
Chimwamurombe, P.M., Department of Biological Sciences, University of Namibia, Private Bag 13301, Windhoek, Namibia
Gindin, G., ARO, Volcani Centre, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Glazer, I., ARO, Volcani Centre, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Samish, M., Department of Parasitology, Kimron Veterinary Institute, P.O. Box 12, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel

Protection of Metarhizium anisopliae conidia from ultra-violet radiation and their pathogenicity to Rhipicephalus evertsi evertsi ticks
Metarhizium anisopliae conidia were formulated in water or in olive oil containing 3% commercial sunscreens (Everysun® or E45 Sun Block 50®) and exposed to an artificial UV source for up to 5 hours. Survival of conidia after 5 h of exposure to UV in oil formulation was 29% when protected with Everysun, 40% when protected with E45, and 4% in control. In comparison, survival of conidia formulated in water was 13% when protected with Everysun, 24% when protected with E45, and 0% in control. Furthermore, the influence of sunscreens on conidia viability and virulence to Rhipicephalus evertsi evertsi larvae and unfed adult ticks was evaluated. Adding these compounds to the conidial formulations did not reduce the viability of the conidia. Larval mortality was 95 and 100%, while unfed adult mortality was 90 and 97% after being exposed to unprotected conidia formulated in water or in oil, respectively. Conidia protected by Everysun or E45 formulated in water, induced 88 and 83% mortality in larvae, and 92 and 90% mortality in unfed adults, respectively. Conidia suspended in oil and protected by Everysun or E45 induced 94 and 91% mortality in larvae, and 83 and 81% in unfed adults, respectively. These observations indicate that olive oil and the two sunscreens confer protection to conidia against damages by UV radiation without interfering with their pathogenicity to ticks. © Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009.
Scientific Publication
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