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Reduction of Botrytis cinerea sporulation in sweet basil by altering the concentrations of nitrogen and calcium in the irrigation solution
Year:
2006
Source of publication :
Plant Pathology
Authors :
Dudai, Nativ
;
.
Peleg, Roi
;
.
Shamai, I. (Neve Yaar)
;
.
Shtienberg, Dan
;
.
Yermiyahu, Uri
;
.
Volume :
55
Co-Authors:
Yermiyahu, U., Agricultural Research Organization, Gilat Research Center, D.N. Negev 2, 85280, Israel
Shamai, I., Agricultural Research Organization, Newe Ya'ar Research Center, POB 1021, Ramat Yishay, 30095, Israel
Peleg, R., Agricultural Research Organization, Gilat Research Center, D.N. Negev 2, 85280, Israel
Dudai, N., Agricultural Research Organization, Newe Ya'ar Research Center, POB 1021, Ramat Yishay, 30095, Israel
Shtienberg, D., Department of Plant Pathology, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
544
To page:
552
(
Total pages:
9
)
Abstract:
Current measures for suppressing grey mould (Botrytis cinerea) on sweet basil rely on fungicide applications and climate control. In this study, the nitrogen and calcium concentrations in the standard irrigation solution (7.2 and 1.3 mM, respectively) were varied in a series of experiments conducted in pots and large containers. Treatments differed in the N or Ca concentrations supplied, and effects on host response were determined in detached stem segments, individual plants and plots. Effects of the two elements on grey mould incidence, lesion size and rate of disease progression were erratic and rarely significant, but decreasing the concentration of N and increasing the concentration of Ca in the irrigation solution decreased sporulation of B. cinerea. In some cases, however, altering the standard irrigation solution resulted in significantly lower yields. Analyses of mineral contents in the shoots suggested that yields were not impaired when N content in the shoots was not reduced below 2.9% and Ca content was not raised above 1.3%. These findings were used to compose a modified irrigation solution containing half of the N (3.6 mM) and double of the Ca (2.55 mM) concentrations in the standard irrigation solution. The modified irrigation solution significantly reduced sporulation of B. cinerea without affecting crop yield. © 2006 The Authors.
Note:
Related Files :
Botrytis
fungicide
integrated pest management
irrigation
nitrogen
Ocimum basilicum
sporulation
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1111/j.1365-3059.2006.01388.x
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
21137
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:41
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Scientific Publication
Reduction of Botrytis cinerea sporulation in sweet basil by altering the concentrations of nitrogen and calcium in the irrigation solution
55
Yermiyahu, U., Agricultural Research Organization, Gilat Research Center, D.N. Negev 2, 85280, Israel
Shamai, I., Agricultural Research Organization, Newe Ya'ar Research Center, POB 1021, Ramat Yishay, 30095, Israel
Peleg, R., Agricultural Research Organization, Gilat Research Center, D.N. Negev 2, 85280, Israel
Dudai, N., Agricultural Research Organization, Newe Ya'ar Research Center, POB 1021, Ramat Yishay, 30095, Israel
Shtienberg, D., Department of Plant Pathology, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, PO Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Reduction of Botrytis cinerea sporulation in sweet basil by altering the concentrations of nitrogen and calcium in the irrigation solution
Current measures for suppressing grey mould (Botrytis cinerea) on sweet basil rely on fungicide applications and climate control. In this study, the nitrogen and calcium concentrations in the standard irrigation solution (7.2 and 1.3 mM, respectively) were varied in a series of experiments conducted in pots and large containers. Treatments differed in the N or Ca concentrations supplied, and effects on host response were determined in detached stem segments, individual plants and plots. Effects of the two elements on grey mould incidence, lesion size and rate of disease progression were erratic and rarely significant, but decreasing the concentration of N and increasing the concentration of Ca in the irrigation solution decreased sporulation of B. cinerea. In some cases, however, altering the standard irrigation solution resulted in significantly lower yields. Analyses of mineral contents in the shoots suggested that yields were not impaired when N content in the shoots was not reduced below 2.9% and Ca content was not raised above 1.3%. These findings were used to compose a modified irrigation solution containing half of the N (3.6 mM) and double of the Ca (2.55 mM) concentrations in the standard irrigation solution. The modified irrigation solution significantly reduced sporulation of B. cinerea without affecting crop yield. © 2006 The Authors.
Scientific Publication
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