Advanced Search
Syntax
Search...
Volcani treasures
About
Terms of use
Manage
Community:
אסיף מאגר המחקר החקלאי
Powered by ClearMash Solutions Ltd -
Frankincense, Myrrh, and Balm of Gilead: Ancient spices of Southern Arabia and Judea
Year:
2012
Source of publication :
Horticultural Reviews
Authors :
Ben-Yehoshua, Shimshon
;
.
Volume :
39
Co-Authors:
Ben-Yehoshua, S., Department of Postharvest Science, Volcani Center, Agricultural Research Organization, Bet Dagan, 50250, Israel
Borowitz, C., Bet Ramat Aviv, Tel Aviv, 69027, Israel
Hanuš, L.O., Institute of Drug Research, School of Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Hebrew University, Ein Kerem, Jerusalem, 91120, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
1
To page:
76
(
Total pages:
76
)
Abstract:
Ancient cultures discovered and utilized the medicinal and therapeutic values of spices and incorporated the burning of incense as part of religious and social ceremonies. Among the most important ancient resinous spices were frankincense, derived from Boswellia spp., myrrh, derived from Commiphoras spp., both from southern Arabia and the Horn of Africa, and balm of Gilead of Judea, derived from Commiphora gileadensis. The demand for these ancient spices was met by scarce and limited sources of supply. The incense trade and trade routes were developed to carry this precious cargo over long distances through many countries to the important foreign markets of Egypt, Mesopotamia, Persia, Greece, and Rome. The export of the frankincense and myrrh made Arabia extremely wealthy, so much so that Theophrastus, Strabo, and Pliny all referred to it as Felix (fortunate) Arabia. At present, this export hardly exists, and the spice trade has declined to around 1,500 tonnes, coming mainly from Somalia; both Yemen and Saudi Arabia import rather than export these frankincense and myrrh. Balm of Gilead, known also as the Judaean balsam, grew only around the Dead Sea Basin in antiquity and achieved fame by its highly reputed aroma and medical properties but has been extinct in this area for many centuries. The resin of this crop was sold, by weight, at a price twice that of gold, the highest price ever paid for an agricultural commodity. This crop was an important source of income for the many rulers of ancient Judea; the farmers' guild that produced the balm of Gilead survived over 1,000 years. Currently there is interest in a revival based on related plants of similar origin. These three ancient spices now are under investigation for medicinal uses. © 2012 Wiley-Blackwell.
Note:
Related Files :
Apharsemon
Boswellia sacra
Commiphora
Commiphora spp.
Judaean balsam
Olibanum
Populus jackii
traditional medicine
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1002/9781118100592.ch1
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
21141
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:41
Scientific Publication
נגישות
menu