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Short episodes of water stress increase barley root resistance to radial shrinkage in a dehydrating environment
Year:
2006
Source of publication :
Physiologia Plantarum
Authors :
Lemcoff, Jorge Hugo
;
.
Volume :
127
Co-Authors:
Lemcoff, J.H., IFEVA-CONICET, Faculty of Agronomy, University of Buenos Aires, 1417 Buenos Aires, Argentina, Institute of Soil, Water, and Environmental Sciences, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Ling, F., Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Department of Environmental, Water, and Agricultural Engineering, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa 32000, Israel
Neumann, P.M., Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Department of Environmental, Water, and Agricultural Engineering, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa 32000, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
603
To page:
611
(
Total pages:
9
)
Abstract:
Although plant shoots can be 'hardened' by abiotic stresses, little is known about such changes in roots. In order to investigate possible induction of root-hardening in response to short water-stress episodes, barley seedlings (Hordeum vulgare L) hydroponically grown under a controlled environment were moderately water-stressed by addition of a non-penetrating osmoticum, polyethylene glycol (PEG) 6000 at -0.4 MPa water potential, to the aerated nutrient solution. Seedlings were then hydrated in dilute nutrient solution without PEG before excision and assay of the seminal roots. Previous water stress treatments for 72 h, 12 h, or even 6 h induced an apparent root-hardening process. Thus, root radial shrinkage during subsequent exposure to strongly dehydrating conditions was remarkably decreased. The root hardening was related to biophysical adjustments: turgor-pressure increased while osmotic potential decreased from -0.45 ± 0.02 MPa to -0.60 ± 0.02 MPa. Moreover, the maximum bulk volumetric modulus of elasticity, εmax determined by pressure-volume analysis, increased from 2.1 ± 0.4 MPa to 3.7 ± 0.4 MPa, i.e. root elasticity was decreased. Root hardening in response to episodes of water stress may have ecological significance for barley plants in regions where intermittent drought episodes are frequent. Copyright © Physiologia Plantarum 2006.
Note:
Related Files :
Barley roots
Crops
Dehydrating environment
Ecology
Hordeum vulgare subsp. vulgare
Pressure-volume analysis
shrinkage
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1111/j.1399-3054.2006.00688.x
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
21463
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:44
You may also be interested in
Scientific Publication
Short episodes of water stress increase barley root resistance to radial shrinkage in a dehydrating environment
127
Lemcoff, J.H., IFEVA-CONICET, Faculty of Agronomy, University of Buenos Aires, 1417 Buenos Aires, Argentina, Institute of Soil, Water, and Environmental Sciences, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Ling, F., Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Department of Environmental, Water, and Agricultural Engineering, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa 32000, Israel
Neumann, P.M., Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Department of Environmental, Water, and Agricultural Engineering, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa 32000, Israel
Short episodes of water stress increase barley root resistance to radial shrinkage in a dehydrating environment
Although plant shoots can be 'hardened' by abiotic stresses, little is known about such changes in roots. In order to investigate possible induction of root-hardening in response to short water-stress episodes, barley seedlings (Hordeum vulgare L) hydroponically grown under a controlled environment were moderately water-stressed by addition of a non-penetrating osmoticum, polyethylene glycol (PEG) 6000 at -0.4 MPa water potential, to the aerated nutrient solution. Seedlings were then hydrated in dilute nutrient solution without PEG before excision and assay of the seminal roots. Previous water stress treatments for 72 h, 12 h, or even 6 h induced an apparent root-hardening process. Thus, root radial shrinkage during subsequent exposure to strongly dehydrating conditions was remarkably decreased. The root hardening was related to biophysical adjustments: turgor-pressure increased while osmotic potential decreased from -0.45 ± 0.02 MPa to -0.60 ± 0.02 MPa. Moreover, the maximum bulk volumetric modulus of elasticity, εmax determined by pressure-volume analysis, increased from 2.1 ± 0.4 MPa to 3.7 ± 0.4 MPa, i.e. root elasticity was decreased. Root hardening in response to episodes of water stress may have ecological significance for barley plants in regions where intermittent drought episodes are frequent. Copyright © Physiologia Plantarum 2006.
Scientific Publication
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