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Effect of Environmental Temperature on Broiler Chickens Subjected to Growth Restriction at an Early Age
Year:
1998
Source of publication :
Poultry Science
Authors :
Plavnik, Isaak
;
.
Yahav, Shlomo
;
.
Volume :
77
Co-Authors:
Plavnik, I., Department of Poultry Science, ARO, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Yahav, S., Department of Poultry Science, ARO, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
870
To page:
872
(
Total pages:
3
)
Abstract:
An experiment was carried out to evaluate the effect of early growth restriction (EGR) induced by feed restriction on the ability of male broiler chickens to withstand exposure to high environmental temperatures. A 2 × 4 factorial arrangement of treatments was employed to determine whether such an exposure affects the beneficial effect of EGR on performance and carcass quality. Chicks consumed feed ad libitum or were feed-restricted from 6 to 12 d of age (to achieve 60% growth of the ad libitum birds). From 4 to 8 wk of age, the chickens were kept in temperature-controlled chambers at 25, 30, 35 C and a diurnal cyclic temperature of 25:35 C. Weight gain, feed intake, and feed efficiency from 6 to 8 wk of age (after acclimatization to the various temperatures) and BW at 8 wk of age were significantly (P ≤ 0.05) depressed by the high temperatures (35 and 25:35 C) compared with values observed at 25 and 30 C. Early growth restriction did not affect these variables. Relative heart, liver, and breast meat weights at 8 wk of age were decreased significantly with increasing temperature. Relative liver weight was also decreased significantly in the EGR chicks, whereas breast yield was increased significantly in these birds. Relative abdominal fat pad size was not affected by increasing the temperature from 25 to 35 C, but it was significantly lower in chickens kept at 25:35 C than in those kept at 25 and 35 C. Early growth restriction significantly reduced the size of abdominal fat. Because no significant interactions between EGR and ambient temperature on the above mentioned variables were observed during 4 to 8 wk of age, it is concluded that EGR can not alleviate the adverse effect of high ambient temperature on performance, nor can high ambient temperature obliterate the beneficial effect of EGR in improving feed efficiency and reducing fattening.
Note:
Related Files :
Animal
animal housing
Animals
Growth, Development and Aging
High ambient temperature
Male
temperature
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Related Content
More details
DOI :
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
21532
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:44
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Scientific Publication
Effect of Environmental Temperature on Broiler Chickens Subjected to Growth Restriction at an Early Age
77
Plavnik, I., Department of Poultry Science, ARO, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Yahav, S., Department of Poultry Science, ARO, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Effect of Environmental Temperature on Broiler Chickens Subjected to Growth Restriction at an Early Age
An experiment was carried out to evaluate the effect of early growth restriction (EGR) induced by feed restriction on the ability of male broiler chickens to withstand exposure to high environmental temperatures. A 2 × 4 factorial arrangement of treatments was employed to determine whether such an exposure affects the beneficial effect of EGR on performance and carcass quality. Chicks consumed feed ad libitum or were feed-restricted from 6 to 12 d of age (to achieve 60% growth of the ad libitum birds). From 4 to 8 wk of age, the chickens were kept in temperature-controlled chambers at 25, 30, 35 C and a diurnal cyclic temperature of 25:35 C. Weight gain, feed intake, and feed efficiency from 6 to 8 wk of age (after acclimatization to the various temperatures) and BW at 8 wk of age were significantly (P ≤ 0.05) depressed by the high temperatures (35 and 25:35 C) compared with values observed at 25 and 30 C. Early growth restriction did not affect these variables. Relative heart, liver, and breast meat weights at 8 wk of age were decreased significantly with increasing temperature. Relative liver weight was also decreased significantly in the EGR chicks, whereas breast yield was increased significantly in these birds. Relative abdominal fat pad size was not affected by increasing the temperature from 25 to 35 C, but it was significantly lower in chickens kept at 25:35 C than in those kept at 25 and 35 C. Early growth restriction significantly reduced the size of abdominal fat. Because no significant interactions between EGR and ambient temperature on the above mentioned variables were observed during 4 to 8 wk of age, it is concluded that EGR can not alleviate the adverse effect of high ambient temperature on performance, nor can high ambient temperature obliterate the beneficial effect of EGR in improving feed efficiency and reducing fattening.
Scientific Publication
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