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The spiders of a citrus grove in israel and their role as biocontrol agents of Ceroplastes floridensis [Homoptera: Coccidae]
Year:
1986
Source of publication :
Entomophaga
Authors :
Mansour, Fadel
;
.
Volume :
31
Co-Authors:
Mansour, F., Dept. of Entomology, Agricultural Research Organization, Newe Ya'ar Regional Experiment Station, P.O., Haifa, 31999, Israel
Whitecomb, W.H., Dept. of Entomology and Nematology, University of Florida, Gainesville, 32611, FL, United States
Facilitators :
From page:
269
To page:
276
(
Total pages:
8
)
Abstract:
A 12 month survey was carried out of the spider population in a commercial citrus grove at Kibbutz Afeq in Northern Israel. The spiders collected from grapefruit foliage and ground cover were identified; young stages were reared to maturity and then identified. Chiracanthium mildei L. Koch represented 52% of all spiders captured during the year and Theridion sp. accounted for 34%. In the undercover, Gnaphosidae spiders represented 43% of the total spiders captured in pitfall traps and Lycosidae 35%. A field experiment was carried out to evaluate the effectivness of spiders in biological control of the scale Ceroplastes floridensis Mask. in the citrus ecosystem. Wherever spiders were undisturbed on tree branches, populations of C. floridensis were not able to develop to a level sufficient to cause economic damage. The increase in the number of scales was minimal: from 47 initially to 56. There was no damage to leaves nor was honeydew or sooty mold observed. During the same time period, on the 3 branches from which spiders had been eliminated, the number of scales increased seven-fold from 44 to 309. Leaves were heavily infested with sooty mold fungi that developed on the honeydew produced by the scales. © 1986 Lavoisier Abonnements.
Note:
Related Files :
Ceroplastes floridensis
Chiracanthium mildei
Gnaphosidae
grapefruits
pitfall traps
Theridion sp.
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Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1007/BF02373336
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
21569
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:45
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Scientific Publication
The spiders of a citrus grove in israel and their role as biocontrol agents of Ceroplastes floridensis [Homoptera: Coccidae]
31
Mansour, F., Dept. of Entomology, Agricultural Research Organization, Newe Ya'ar Regional Experiment Station, P.O., Haifa, 31999, Israel
Whitecomb, W.H., Dept. of Entomology and Nematology, University of Florida, Gainesville, 32611, FL, United States
The spiders of a citrus grove in israel and their role as biocontrol agents of Ceroplastes floridensis [Homoptera: Coccidae]
A 12 month survey was carried out of the spider population in a commercial citrus grove at Kibbutz Afeq in Northern Israel. The spiders collected from grapefruit foliage and ground cover were identified; young stages were reared to maturity and then identified. Chiracanthium mildei L. Koch represented 52% of all spiders captured during the year and Theridion sp. accounted for 34%. In the undercover, Gnaphosidae spiders represented 43% of the total spiders captured in pitfall traps and Lycosidae 35%. A field experiment was carried out to evaluate the effectivness of spiders in biological control of the scale Ceroplastes floridensis Mask. in the citrus ecosystem. Wherever spiders were undisturbed on tree branches, populations of C. floridensis were not able to develop to a level sufficient to cause economic damage. The increase in the number of scales was minimal: from 47 initially to 56. There was no damage to leaves nor was honeydew or sooty mold observed. During the same time period, on the 3 branches from which spiders had been eliminated, the number of scales increased seven-fold from 44 to 309. Leaves were heavily infested with sooty mold fungi that developed on the honeydew produced by the scales. © 1986 Lavoisier Abonnements.
Scientific Publication
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