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Responses to drought preconditioning in Eucalyptus globulus Labill. Provenances
Year:
2003
Source of publication :
Trees - Structure and Function
Authors :
Lemcoff, Jorge Hugo
;
.
Volume :
17
Co-Authors:
Guarnaschelli, A.B., Depto. de Producción Vegetal, Facultad de Agronomía, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Av. San Martín 4453, 1417 Buenos Aires, Argentina
Lemcoff, J.H., IFEVA, Depto. de Biol. Aplicada y Alimentos, Universidad de Buenos Aires/CONICET, Av. San Martín 4453, 1417 Buenos Aires, Argentina
Prystupa, P., Depto. Ing. Rural y Uso de la Tierra, Facultad de Agronomía, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Av. San Martín 4453, 1417 Buenos Aires, Argentina
Basci, S.O., Depto. de Producción Vegetal, Facultad de Agronomía, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Av. San Martín 4453, 1417 Buenos Aires, Argentina
Facilitators :
From page:
501
To page:
509
(
Total pages:
9
)
Abstract:
Shoot water relations and morphological responses to drought preconditioning were studied by subjecting 5-month-old seedlings of three provenances of Eucalyptus globulus to different water regimes for 36 days in a greenhouse pot study. Moderately stressed plants were watered every 6 days and severely stressed plants were watered every 9 days. Control plants were watered daily. Drought cycles induced significant changes in morphological and physiological characteristics. Preconditioned seedlings were smaller in size, root collar diameter, height, and leaf area than control seedlings. Shoot/root ratio was not affected by drought. Osmotic potential at full turgor (ψπFT) and osmotic potential at turgor loss point (ψπTLP) were significantly lower and the magnitude of osmotic adjustment was significantly higher under the severe than under the moderate stress treatment. In severely stressed plants a decrease of turgid mass/dry mass contributed to osmotic adjustment. In a subsequent acclimation test, preconditioned seedlings showed higher values of stomatal conductance, predawn relative water content and water potential and lower mortality than control plants. These variables were significantly related to ψπFT. We assume that the reduced leaf area and osmotic adjustment observed in preconditioned seedlings contributed to drought acclimation in the selected E. globulus provenances leading to better rates of gas exchange and improved water status than non-conditioned plants. Provenances exhibited differences in their responses to drought, albeit mainly morphological differences. E. globulus subsp. bicostata from Tumbarumba grew more quickly (larger diameter and height relative growth rate) than the other provenances, implying a greater ability to tolerate water stress. It can be expected that preconditioned seedlings will display greater tolerance of water stress than non-conditioned plants and perform better during early establishment (higher survival and early growth).
Note:
Related Files :
Eucalyptus
Forestry
Seed
Stomatal conductance
water
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1007/s00468-003-0264-0
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
21642
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:45
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Scientific Publication
Responses to drought preconditioning in Eucalyptus globulus Labill. Provenances
17
Guarnaschelli, A.B., Depto. de Producción Vegetal, Facultad de Agronomía, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Av. San Martín 4453, 1417 Buenos Aires, Argentina
Lemcoff, J.H., IFEVA, Depto. de Biol. Aplicada y Alimentos, Universidad de Buenos Aires/CONICET, Av. San Martín 4453, 1417 Buenos Aires, Argentina
Prystupa, P., Depto. Ing. Rural y Uso de la Tierra, Facultad de Agronomía, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Av. San Martín 4453, 1417 Buenos Aires, Argentina
Basci, S.O., Depto. de Producción Vegetal, Facultad de Agronomía, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Av. San Martín 4453, 1417 Buenos Aires, Argentina
Responses to drought preconditioning in Eucalyptus globulus Labill. Provenances
Shoot water relations and morphological responses to drought preconditioning were studied by subjecting 5-month-old seedlings of three provenances of Eucalyptus globulus to different water regimes for 36 days in a greenhouse pot study. Moderately stressed plants were watered every 6 days and severely stressed plants were watered every 9 days. Control plants were watered daily. Drought cycles induced significant changes in morphological and physiological characteristics. Preconditioned seedlings were smaller in size, root collar diameter, height, and leaf area than control seedlings. Shoot/root ratio was not affected by drought. Osmotic potential at full turgor (ψπFT) and osmotic potential at turgor loss point (ψπTLP) were significantly lower and the magnitude of osmotic adjustment was significantly higher under the severe than under the moderate stress treatment. In severely stressed plants a decrease of turgid mass/dry mass contributed to osmotic adjustment. In a subsequent acclimation test, preconditioned seedlings showed higher values of stomatal conductance, predawn relative water content and water potential and lower mortality than control plants. These variables were significantly related to ψπFT. We assume that the reduced leaf area and osmotic adjustment observed in preconditioned seedlings contributed to drought acclimation in the selected E. globulus provenances leading to better rates of gas exchange and improved water status than non-conditioned plants. Provenances exhibited differences in their responses to drought, albeit mainly morphological differences. E. globulus subsp. bicostata from Tumbarumba grew more quickly (larger diameter and height relative growth rate) than the other provenances, implying a greater ability to tolerate water stress. It can be expected that preconditioned seedlings will display greater tolerance of water stress than non-conditioned plants and perform better during early establishment (higher survival and early growth).
Scientific Publication
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