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Growth and flowering of Ornithogalum dubium
Year:
2002
Source of publication :
Acta Horticulturae
Authors :
Watad, Abed A.
;
.
Volume :
570
Co-Authors:
Luria, G., Kennedy-Leigh Centre for Horticultural Research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, P.O. Box 12, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Watad, A.A., Dept. of Ornamental Horticulture, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Cohen-Zhedek, Y., Kennedy-Leigh Centre for Horticultural Research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, P.O. Box 12, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Borochov, A., Kennedy-Leigh Centre for Horticultural Research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, P.O. Box 12, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
113
To page:
119
(
Total pages:
7
)
Abstract:
Ornithogalum dubium is a frost-tender bulbous plant native to South Africa. It is mainly grown for cut flower and flowering pot-plant production. It generally produces 10-25 cm-long flowering-stems, bearing 5-25 yellow to orange flowers with a dark green/brown center. It is in great demand in Europe and North America as a cut flower and a flowering-house pot plant. O. dubium was introduced as a new cut-flower crop less than a decade ago and is still only grown on a small scale due to its variable flower quality. The main objective of the pre sent study was to improve flowering-stem length. A three week preplanting temperarture treatment of 13°C resulted in significantly longer flowering-stems than treatments at 2, 9 or 25°C. Controlled growth-temperature and day length experiments indicated that warm day/night tempertures of 27/22°C induce early anthesis. Under this temperature combination, earliest flowering occurred under long day conditions. Stem length was maximal at moderately-low production temperatures, and long days further increased length. The number of florets per inflorescence depended on temperature. Under the two lower temperature regimes, many flowers developed per inflorescence and, again, long days enhanced this number. However under the highest temperature regime tried, this effect was reversed. Bulbs of different size were planted and even the smallest, flowered during the first year. Leaf production was proportional to planted bulb size. The rate of growth, time to flowering and total yield of daughter bulbs also depended on size of the planted bulb. Gibberellin, applied either as a preplanting dip or as foliar sprays, moderate shading (20%), as well as, a 24-h pre-planting exposure of bulbs to 10 ppm ethylene all increased flowering-stem length.
Note:
Related Files :
Bulb size
growth regulators
light
Ornithogalum
Ornithogalum dubium
Stem length
temperature
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
Conference paper
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
21775
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:46
Scientific Publication
Growth and flowering of Ornithogalum dubium
570
Luria, G., Kennedy-Leigh Centre for Horticultural Research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, P.O. Box 12, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Watad, A.A., Dept. of Ornamental Horticulture, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Cohen-Zhedek, Y., Kennedy-Leigh Centre for Horticultural Research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, P.O. Box 12, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Borochov, A., Kennedy-Leigh Centre for Horticultural Research, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, P.O. Box 12, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Growth and flowering of Ornithogalum dubium
Ornithogalum dubium is a frost-tender bulbous plant native to South Africa. It is mainly grown for cut flower and flowering pot-plant production. It generally produces 10-25 cm-long flowering-stems, bearing 5-25 yellow to orange flowers with a dark green/brown center. It is in great demand in Europe and North America as a cut flower and a flowering-house pot plant. O. dubium was introduced as a new cut-flower crop less than a decade ago and is still only grown on a small scale due to its variable flower quality. The main objective of the pre sent study was to improve flowering-stem length. A three week preplanting temperarture treatment of 13°C resulted in significantly longer flowering-stems than treatments at 2, 9 or 25°C. Controlled growth-temperature and day length experiments indicated that warm day/night tempertures of 27/22°C induce early anthesis. Under this temperature combination, earliest flowering occurred under long day conditions. Stem length was maximal at moderately-low production temperatures, and long days further increased length. The number of florets per inflorescence depended on temperature. Under the two lower temperature regimes, many flowers developed per inflorescence and, again, long days enhanced this number. However under the highest temperature regime tried, this effect was reversed. Bulbs of different size were planted and even the smallest, flowered during the first year. Leaf production was proportional to planted bulb size. The rate of growth, time to flowering and total yield of daughter bulbs also depended on size of the planted bulb. Gibberellin, applied either as a preplanting dip or as foliar sprays, moderate shading (20%), as well as, a 24-h pre-planting exposure of bulbs to 10 ppm ethylene all increased flowering-stem length.
Scientific Publication
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