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The effect of salinization and freshening events in coastal aquifers on nutrient characteristics as deduced from column experiments under aerobic and anaerobic conditions
Year:
2015
Source of publication :
Journal of Hydrology
Authors :
Russak, Amos
;
.
Volume :
529
Co-Authors:
Russak, A., Department of Geological and Environmental Sciences, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel, Geological Survey of Israel, Jerusalem, Israel
Sivan, O., Department of Geological and Environmental Sciences, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel
Herut, B., Israel Oceanographic and Limnological Research, National Institute of Oceanography, Haifa, Israel
Lazar, B., Institute of Earth Sciences, Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel
Yechieli, Y., Geological Survey of Israel, Jerusalem, Israel, Department of Environmental Hydrology and Microbiology, Zuckerberg Institute for Water Research, Blaustein Institute for Desert Studies, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Sede Boqer, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
1282
To page:
1292
(
Total pages:
11
)
Abstract:
This study experimentally quantified the effect of seawater intrusion (salinization) and freshening events in coastal aquifers on nutrient (N, P and DSi) dynamics across the fresh-saline groundwater interface. Laboratory column experiments were conducted under aerobic and anaerobic conditions in order to simulate the processes occurring in the fresh-saline interface. They were performed with aquifer sediments, simulating the natural conditions during alterations of natural fresh groundwater to seawater and vice versa. The salinization and freshening experiments showed that NH4+ and PO43- and DSi were affected mainly by ion exchange processes while microbial activity controlled the nitrogen species NO3- and NO2-. Due to the cation exchange, salinization generated enrichment (above the expected conservative behavior) of NH4+, up to 80μmolL-1 (an order of magnitude higher than in seawater or fresh groundwater). Under anaerobic conditions NO3- was removed by denitrification, as demonstrated by the decrease in NO3- concentrations, the increase in NO2- concentrations, and the increase in δ15N by 15-25‰. Clear evidence was shown for anion exchange of PO43-, which competes with HCO3- and boron on adsorption sites. DSi seems to take part in the exchange process, similar to PO43-. © 2015 Elsevier B.V.
Note:
Related Files :
aquifers
groundwater
hydrogeology
Nutrients
Seawater effects
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1016/j.jhydrol.2015.07.034
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
21783
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:46
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Scientific Publication
The effect of salinization and freshening events in coastal aquifers on nutrient characteristics as deduced from column experiments under aerobic and anaerobic conditions
529
Russak, A., Department of Geological and Environmental Sciences, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel, Geological Survey of Israel, Jerusalem, Israel
Sivan, O., Department of Geological and Environmental Sciences, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel
Herut, B., Israel Oceanographic and Limnological Research, National Institute of Oceanography, Haifa, Israel
Lazar, B., Institute of Earth Sciences, Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel
Yechieli, Y., Geological Survey of Israel, Jerusalem, Israel, Department of Environmental Hydrology and Microbiology, Zuckerberg Institute for Water Research, Blaustein Institute for Desert Studies, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Sede Boqer, Israel
The effect of salinization and freshening events in coastal aquifers on nutrient characteristics as deduced from column experiments under aerobic and anaerobic conditions
This study experimentally quantified the effect of seawater intrusion (salinization) and freshening events in coastal aquifers on nutrient (N, P and DSi) dynamics across the fresh-saline groundwater interface. Laboratory column experiments were conducted under aerobic and anaerobic conditions in order to simulate the processes occurring in the fresh-saline interface. They were performed with aquifer sediments, simulating the natural conditions during alterations of natural fresh groundwater to seawater and vice versa. The salinization and freshening experiments showed that NH4+ and PO43- and DSi were affected mainly by ion exchange processes while microbial activity controlled the nitrogen species NO3- and NO2-. Due to the cation exchange, salinization generated enrichment (above the expected conservative behavior) of NH4+, up to 80μmolL-1 (an order of magnitude higher than in seawater or fresh groundwater). Under anaerobic conditions NO3- was removed by denitrification, as demonstrated by the decrease in NO3- concentrations, the increase in NO2- concentrations, and the increase in δ15N by 15-25‰. Clear evidence was shown for anion exchange of PO43-, which competes with HCO3- and boron on adsorption sites. DSi seems to take part in the exchange process, similar to PO43-. © 2015 Elsevier B.V.
Scientific Publication
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