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Benzyladenine and gibberellin treatment of developing “Pink Lady” apples results in mature fruits with a thicker cuticle comprising clusters of epidermal cells
Year:
2015
Source of publication :
Protoplasma
Authors :
Ginzberg, Idit
;
.
Volume :
252
Co-Authors:
Fogelman, E., Institute of Plant Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, Israel
Stern, R.A., MIGAL, Galilee Technology Center, P.O. Box 831, Kiryat Shmona, Israel, Department of Biotechnology, Tel-Hai College, Upper Galilee, Israel
Ginzberg, I., Institute of Plant Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
1009
To page:
1017
(
Total pages:
9
)
Abstract:
A mixture of 6-benzyladenine (BA) and gibberellins GA4 plus GA7 applied to “Pink Lady” apple at early phenological stages was previously shown to result in an immediate increase in epidermal cell density and associated reduction in calyx-end cracking disorder in the mature fruit, implying a long-term effect of the BA+GA4+7 mixture. Here, we analyzed the anatomical changes in the mature peel at the calyx end 210 days after full bloom (DAFB), following application of the plant growth regulators (PGRs) at the cell-division phase of fruit development, 21-50 DAFB. Experiments were conducted in northern Israel, and the PGRs were applied as the commercial formulation Superlon™ (Fine Agrochemicals Ltd.), composed of 19 g l-1 BA and 19 g l-1 GA4+7. Trees were sprayed with 0.025, 0.1, or 0.2% (v/v) Superlon™. The most obvious phenomenon was the presence of epidermal cell clusters within the cuticular matrix that were detached from the native epidermal layer located at the bottom of the cuticle and which could not be detected in the untreated control fruits. Treatment with 20 mg l-1 BA+GA4+7 (0.1% Superlon™) resulted in a markedly thicker cuticle, a higher percentage of detached epidermal cells within the cuticular membrane and a significant reduction in calyx-end cracking at harvest. The presence of cuticleembedded epidermal cell clusters may have contributed to strengthening the peel by adding more cell-wall components, thickening the cuticle layer and possibly enhancing crack repair. © Springer-Verlag Wien 2014.
Note:
Related Files :
Calyx-end cracking
drug effects
fruit cracking
gibberellins
Malus
metabolism
N-benzyladenine
Peel anatomy
Plant growth regulator
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1007/s00709-014-0736-7
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
21834
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:47
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Scientific Publication
Benzyladenine and gibberellin treatment of developing “Pink Lady” apples results in mature fruits with a thicker cuticle comprising clusters of epidermal cells
252
Fogelman, E., Institute of Plant Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, Israel
Stern, R.A., MIGAL, Galilee Technology Center, P.O. Box 831, Kiryat Shmona, Israel, Department of Biotechnology, Tel-Hai College, Upper Galilee, Israel
Ginzberg, I., Institute of Plant Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan, Israel
Benzyladenine and gibberellin treatment of developing “Pink Lady” apples results in mature fruits with a thicker cuticle comprising clusters of epidermal cells
A mixture of 6-benzyladenine (BA) and gibberellins GA4 plus GA7 applied to “Pink Lady” apple at early phenological stages was previously shown to result in an immediate increase in epidermal cell density and associated reduction in calyx-end cracking disorder in the mature fruit, implying a long-term effect of the BA+GA4+7 mixture. Here, we analyzed the anatomical changes in the mature peel at the calyx end 210 days after full bloom (DAFB), following application of the plant growth regulators (PGRs) at the cell-division phase of fruit development, 21-50 DAFB. Experiments were conducted in northern Israel, and the PGRs were applied as the commercial formulation Superlon™ (Fine Agrochemicals Ltd.), composed of 19 g l-1 BA and 19 g l-1 GA4+7. Trees were sprayed with 0.025, 0.1, or 0.2% (v/v) Superlon™. The most obvious phenomenon was the presence of epidermal cell clusters within the cuticular matrix that were detached from the native epidermal layer located at the bottom of the cuticle and which could not be detected in the untreated control fruits. Treatment with 20 mg l-1 BA+GA4+7 (0.1% Superlon™) resulted in a markedly thicker cuticle, a higher percentage of detached epidermal cells within the cuticular membrane and a significant reduction in calyx-end cracking at harvest. The presence of cuticleembedded epidermal cell clusters may have contributed to strengthening the peel by adding more cell-wall components, thickening the cuticle layer and possibly enhancing crack repair. © Springer-Verlag Wien 2014.
Scientific Publication
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