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Calcium in regulation of postharvest life of flowers
Year:
2001
Source of publication :
Acta Horticulturae
Authors :
Friedman, Haya
;
.
Meir, Shimon
;
.
Philosoph-Hadas, Sonia
;
.
Porat, Ron
;
.
Volume :
543
Co-Authors:
Halevy, A.H., Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Department of Horticulture, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Torre, S., Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Department of Horticulture, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Borochov, A., Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Department of Horticulture, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Porat, R., Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Department of Horticulture, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Philosoph-Hadas, S., Volcani Center, Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Meir, S., Volcani Center, Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Friedman, H., Volcani Center, Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
345
To page:
351
(
Total pages:
7
)
Abstract:
Calcium is involved in regulation of many processes during plant growth and senescence. Calcium influences cell-wall and membrane structure and function. Cytosolic calcium is considered as second messenger in regulation of important cellular events. We present three cases in which calcium was shown to regulate processes of postharvest life of flowers. 1.Rose petal senescence In whole rose cut flowers and in detached petals, CaCl2 treatment promoted bud opening and delayed senescence. The treated flowers stayed turgid and continued their initial postharvest growth for longer periods of time. Calcium treatment delayed the decrease in membrane proteins and phospholipids (PL) with time and increased ATPase activity in the aging petals. Electrolyte leakage was postponed in calcium treated flowers. We suggest that the calcium-induced delay in rose petal senescence involves the protection of membrane proteins and PLs from degeneration. 2.Pollination-induced senescence of Phalaenopsis. Pollination increased ethylene production and sensitivity to ethylene. Treatment of both pollinated and unpollinated flowers with calcium ions increased the sensitivity of the flowers to ethylene and promoted ethylene production and senescence, while EGTA - A chelator of calcium, decreased these processes. 3.Gravitropic bending of flowers. Calcium chelators and the calcium channel blocker LaCl3 inhibited the gravitropic bending of several flower stalks. These modulators had no deleterious effect on the flowering shoots, indicating that they inhibit the gravitropic bending by interfering specifically with the gravitropism related processes. An ethylene gradient was developed across the flowering shoot prior to the bending response, with high levels of ethylene production at the lower side. This ethylene gradient was abolished by treatment with the calcium antagonists. Abbreviations: BAPTA = 1,2-bis (2-aminophenoxy)ethane-N,N,N',N'- tetraacetic acid; CDTA = trans-1,2-cyclohexan dinitro-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid; EGTA = ethylene glycol bis (β-amino- ethylether) N,N,N',N'- tetraacetic acid; FW = fresh weight; PL = phospholipids.
Note:
Related Files :
Ca-chelators
Gravitropic bending
Lacl<inf>3</inf>
Phalaenopsis
Rose
senescence
Sensitivity to ethylene
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
22056
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:49
You may also be interested in
Scientific Publication
Calcium in regulation of postharvest life of flowers
543
Halevy, A.H., Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Department of Horticulture, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Torre, S., Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Department of Horticulture, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Borochov, A., Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Department of Horticulture, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Porat, R., Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Department of Horticulture, Rehovot 76100, Israel
Philosoph-Hadas, S., Volcani Center, Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Meir, S., Volcani Center, Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Friedman, H., Volcani Center, Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Calcium in regulation of postharvest life of flowers
Calcium is involved in regulation of many processes during plant growth and senescence. Calcium influences cell-wall and membrane structure and function. Cytosolic calcium is considered as second messenger in regulation of important cellular events. We present three cases in which calcium was shown to regulate processes of postharvest life of flowers. 1.Rose petal senescence In whole rose cut flowers and in detached petals, CaCl2 treatment promoted bud opening and delayed senescence. The treated flowers stayed turgid and continued their initial postharvest growth for longer periods of time. Calcium treatment delayed the decrease in membrane proteins and phospholipids (PL) with time and increased ATPase activity in the aging petals. Electrolyte leakage was postponed in calcium treated flowers. We suggest that the calcium-induced delay in rose petal senescence involves the protection of membrane proteins and PLs from degeneration. 2.Pollination-induced senescence of Phalaenopsis. Pollination increased ethylene production and sensitivity to ethylene. Treatment of both pollinated and unpollinated flowers with calcium ions increased the sensitivity of the flowers to ethylene and promoted ethylene production and senescence, while EGTA - A chelator of calcium, decreased these processes. 3.Gravitropic bending of flowers. Calcium chelators and the calcium channel blocker LaCl3 inhibited the gravitropic bending of several flower stalks. These modulators had no deleterious effect on the flowering shoots, indicating that they inhibit the gravitropic bending by interfering specifically with the gravitropism related processes. An ethylene gradient was developed across the flowering shoot prior to the bending response, with high levels of ethylene production at the lower side. This ethylene gradient was abolished by treatment with the calcium antagonists. Abbreviations: BAPTA = 1,2-bis (2-aminophenoxy)ethane-N,N,N',N'- tetraacetic acid; CDTA = trans-1,2-cyclohexan dinitro-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid; EGTA = ethylene glycol bis (β-amino- ethylether) N,N,N',N'- tetraacetic acid; FW = fresh weight; PL = phospholipids.
Scientific Publication
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