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Subsurface drainage water quality from structured soil
Year:
1995
Authors :
Shalit, Gil
;
.
Volume :
121
Co-Authors:
Shalit, G., Dept. of Agr. and Biological Engrg., Cornell Univ., Riley-Robb Hall, Ithaca, NY, 14853, United States
Steenhuis, T.S., Dept. of Agr. and Biological Engrg., Cornell Univ., Riley-Robb Hall, Ithaca, NY, 14853, United States
Hakvoort, H.M., Dept. of Soil, Crop and Atmospheric Sci., Cornell Univ., Emerson Hall, Ithaca, NY, United States
Boll, J., Dept. of Agr. and Biological Engrg., Cornell Univ., Riley-Robb Hall, Ithaca, NY, 14853, United States
Geohring, L.D., Dept. of Agr. and Biological Engrg., Cornell Univ., Riley-Robb Hall, Ithaca, NY, 14853, United States
Van Es, H.M., Dept. of Soil, Crop and Atmospheric Sci., Cornell Univ., Emerson Hall, Ithaca, NY, United States
Facilitators :
From page:
239
To page:
247
(
Total pages:
9
)
Abstract:
The often rapid arrival of pesticides at the ground water has been explained by the concept of preferential movement of water and solutes through the soil. To facilitate understanding of these transport processes, a drainage study was conducted by applying a nonadsorbed tracer to plots drained by subsurface drains. Three management practices were employed: no-till, conventional-till, and conventional-till with incorporation of the tracer. The plots were irrigated with 71-203 mm of water. Drainage line outflow and tracer concentration in the outflow were monitored for up to 52 hr. The resulting soil profiles were analyzed for tracer concentration. The main effect of plowing and incorporating the tracer was a more uniform concentration in the resulting profile. A simple mixing-layer model was used to predict the rate at which the tracer was transported out of the root zone into the layers below. The model was found to be in reasonable agreement with drainage outflow patterns, especially from the incorporated plots. These results may be helpful for future development of best-management practices for controlling the effects of agriculture on environmental pollution. © ASCE.
Note:
Related Files :
groundwater
pesticide
pesticides
soil
structured soil
subsurface drainage
Tracers
water quality
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Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9437(1995)121:3(239)
Article number:
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
23162
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:57
Scientific Publication
Subsurface drainage water quality from structured soil
121
Shalit, G., Dept. of Agr. and Biological Engrg., Cornell Univ., Riley-Robb Hall, Ithaca, NY, 14853, United States
Steenhuis, T.S., Dept. of Agr. and Biological Engrg., Cornell Univ., Riley-Robb Hall, Ithaca, NY, 14853, United States
Hakvoort, H.M., Dept. of Soil, Crop and Atmospheric Sci., Cornell Univ., Emerson Hall, Ithaca, NY, United States
Boll, J., Dept. of Agr. and Biological Engrg., Cornell Univ., Riley-Robb Hall, Ithaca, NY, 14853, United States
Geohring, L.D., Dept. of Agr. and Biological Engrg., Cornell Univ., Riley-Robb Hall, Ithaca, NY, 14853, United States
Van Es, H.M., Dept. of Soil, Crop and Atmospheric Sci., Cornell Univ., Emerson Hall, Ithaca, NY, United States
Subsurface drainage water quality from structured soil
The often rapid arrival of pesticides at the ground water has been explained by the concept of preferential movement of water and solutes through the soil. To facilitate understanding of these transport processes, a drainage study was conducted by applying a nonadsorbed tracer to plots drained by subsurface drains. Three management practices were employed: no-till, conventional-till, and conventional-till with incorporation of the tracer. The plots were irrigated with 71-203 mm of water. Drainage line outflow and tracer concentration in the outflow were monitored for up to 52 hr. The resulting soil profiles were analyzed for tracer concentration. The main effect of plowing and incorporating the tracer was a more uniform concentration in the resulting profile. A simple mixing-layer model was used to predict the rate at which the tracer was transported out of the root zone into the layers below. The model was found to be in reasonable agreement with drainage outflow patterns, especially from the incorporated plots. These results may be helpful for future development of best-management practices for controlling the effects of agriculture on environmental pollution. © ASCE.
Scientific Publication
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