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Systemic resistance to gray mold induced in tomato by benzothiadiazole and trichoderma harzianum T39
Year:
2014
Source of publication :
Phytopathology
Authors :
Elad, Yigal
;
.
Harel, Yael Meller
;
.
Rav David, Dalia
;
.
Volume :
104
Co-Authors:
Meller Harel, Y., Department of Plant Pathology and Weed Research, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Plant Protection and Inspection Services, P.O. Box 78, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Haile Mehari, Z., Department of Plant Pathology and Weed Research, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel, Fondazione E. Mach, San Michele all'Adige, TN, Italy
Rav-David, D., Department of Plant Pathology and Weed Research, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Elad, Y., Department of Plant Pathology and Weed Research, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
150
To page:
157
(
Total pages:
8
)
Abstract:
Gray mold (Botrytis cinerea) is an important disease of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum). This study examined defense-related gene expression involved in the resistance to B. cinerea that is induced in tomato plants by benzothiadiazole and Trichoderma harzianum T39 soil drench. In whole plants, transcriptional changes related to salicylic acid and ethylene were induced by the application of a 0.01% benzothiadiazole solution, whereas changes related to jasmonic acid were induced by the application of a 0.4% T39 suspension. On detached leaves, soil treatment by T39 led to enhanced resistance to B. cinerea infection that was proportional to the concentration of the T39 suspension. By 5 days after pathogen inoculation, the plants that had received the 0.04% T39 drench exhibited 62% less severe disease than the untreated plants. The 0.4% T39 drench led to an 84% reduction in disease severity. Observations of B. cinerea infection in leaves harvested from plants grown in the treated soils revealed that drenching with a T39 suspension induces systemic resistance against B. cinerea and primes salicylic acid- and ethylene-related gene expression in a manner proportional to the concentration of the biocontrol agent. Benzothiadiazole treatment induced resistance to gray mold independently of salicylic acid and led to strong priming of two genes known to be involved in defense against B. cinerea, Pti5 and PI2. © 2014 The American Phytopathological Society.
Note:
Related Files :
Botrytis
disease resistance
ethylene
Genetics
metabolism
Microbiology
Trichoderma
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1094/PHYTO-02-13-0043-R
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
23197
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:57
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Scientific Publication
Systemic resistance to gray mold induced in tomato by benzothiadiazole and trichoderma harzianum T39
104
Meller Harel, Y., Department of Plant Pathology and Weed Research, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Plant Protection and Inspection Services, P.O. Box 78, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Haile Mehari, Z., Department of Plant Pathology and Weed Research, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel, Fondazione E. Mach, San Michele all'Adige, TN, Italy
Rav-David, D., Department of Plant Pathology and Weed Research, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Elad, Y., Department of Plant Pathology and Weed Research, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
Systemic resistance to gray mold induced in tomato by benzothiadiazole and trichoderma harzianum T39
Gray mold (Botrytis cinerea) is an important disease of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum). This study examined defense-related gene expression involved in the resistance to B. cinerea that is induced in tomato plants by benzothiadiazole and Trichoderma harzianum T39 soil drench. In whole plants, transcriptional changes related to salicylic acid and ethylene were induced by the application of a 0.01% benzothiadiazole solution, whereas changes related to jasmonic acid were induced by the application of a 0.4% T39 suspension. On detached leaves, soil treatment by T39 led to enhanced resistance to B. cinerea infection that was proportional to the concentration of the T39 suspension. By 5 days after pathogen inoculation, the plants that had received the 0.04% T39 drench exhibited 62% less severe disease than the untreated plants. The 0.4% T39 drench led to an 84% reduction in disease severity. Observations of B. cinerea infection in leaves harvested from plants grown in the treated soils revealed that drenching with a T39 suspension induces systemic resistance against B. cinerea and primes salicylic acid- and ethylene-related gene expression in a manner proportional to the concentration of the biocontrol agent. Benzothiadiazole treatment induced resistance to gray mold independently of salicylic acid and led to strong priming of two genes known to be involved in defense against B. cinerea, Pti5 and PI2. © 2014 The American Phytopathological Society.
Scientific Publication
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