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Germination studies of Molucella laevis
Year:
1968
Source of publication :
Economic Botany
Authors :
Gelmond, Haya
;
.
Sharir, Ahuva
;
.
Volume :
22
Co-Authors:
Gelmond, H., Department of Agronomy, The Volcani Institute of Agricultural Research, Bet Dagan, Israel
Nitsan, J.
Sharir, A., Department of Agronomy, The Volcani Institute of Agricultural Research, Bet Dagan, Israel
Facilitators :
From page:
281
To page:
288
(
Total pages:
8
)
Abstract:
Seed of Molucella laevis (L.) was gathered in the years 1963-66 and germinated soon after harvest and at various intervals subsequently. All seeds showed dormancy on gathering. There was a noticeable fluctuation in the percentage of seeds germinating during storage. Dormancy persisted throughout the years of the experiment. It appears that a number of factors are operative in the inhibition of germination of M. laevis seeds. One factor is an inhibitor which may be adsorbed by active charcoal or heavy loam, involving some process which requires fluctuating temperature. Rupture of the seed-coat also improved the germination of dormant seed, and a subsequent water rinse for 24 hrs. further increased the percent of germinating seed. Immersion of the seed for 48 hrs. in gibberellic acid (G.A.), 400 ppm, greatly improved germination, but it did not completely overcome dormancy. The maximum effect (93% germinating seed) was obtained when seed pre-treated with G.A. was germinated on top of active charcoal. The optimal germination temperature was found to be a daily alternating one of 16 hrs. at 15°C and 8 hrs. at 30°C with light supplied at the latter temperature. Treated seed was sown in the screen house and found to develop normal plants and seed. The dormancy-breaking effect of G.A. lasts for at least 180 days. The fluctuations in germination of seed pre-treated with gibberellin were similar to those of the untreated ones. The effect of dormancy-breaking factors differed with year of gathering and date of application. Thus, M. laevis seeds display much heterogeneity in their germination potential. © 1968 The New York Botanical Garden.
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germination
Molucella laevis
seeds
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DOI :
10.1007/BF02861962
Article number:
0
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
article
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
23342
Last updated date:
29/11/2023 11:36
Creation date:
16/04/2018 23:58
Scientific Publication
Germination studies of Molucella laevis
22
Gelmond, H., Department of Agronomy, The Volcani Institute of Agricultural Research, Bet Dagan, Israel
Nitsan, J.
Sharir, A., Department of Agronomy, The Volcani Institute of Agricultural Research, Bet Dagan, Israel
Germination studies of Molucella laevis
Seed of Molucella laevis (L.) was gathered in the years 1963-66 and germinated soon after harvest and at various intervals subsequently. All seeds showed dormancy on gathering. There was a noticeable fluctuation in the percentage of seeds germinating during storage. Dormancy persisted throughout the years of the experiment. It appears that a number of factors are operative in the inhibition of germination of M. laevis seeds. One factor is an inhibitor which may be adsorbed by active charcoal or heavy loam, involving some process which requires fluctuating temperature. Rupture of the seed-coat also improved the germination of dormant seed, and a subsequent water rinse for 24 hrs. further increased the percent of germinating seed. Immersion of the seed for 48 hrs. in gibberellic acid (G.A.), 400 ppm, greatly improved germination, but it did not completely overcome dormancy. The maximum effect (93% germinating seed) was obtained when seed pre-treated with G.A. was germinated on top of active charcoal. The optimal germination temperature was found to be a daily alternating one of 16 hrs. at 15°C and 8 hrs. at 30°C with light supplied at the latter temperature. Treated seed was sown in the screen house and found to develop normal plants and seed. The dormancy-breaking effect of G.A. lasts for at least 180 days. The fluctuations in germination of seed pre-treated with gibberellin were similar to those of the untreated ones. The effect of dormancy-breaking factors differed with year of gathering and date of application. Thus, M. laevis seeds display much heterogeneity in their germination potential. © 1968 The New York Botanical Garden.
Scientific Publication
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