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Genetic variation of naturally growing olive trees in Israel: From abandoned groves to feral and wild?
Year:
2016
Source of publication :
BMC Plant Biology
Authors :
Barazani, Oz
;
.
Ben-Ari, Giora
;
.
Dag, Arnon
;
.
Hanin, Nir
;
.
Keren, Alexandra
;
.
Tugendhaft, Yizhar
;
.
Volume :
16
Co-Authors:
Barazani, O., Institute of Plant Sciences, the Israel Plant Gene Bank, Agricultural Research Organization, Rishon LeZion, Israel
Keren-Keiserman, A., Institute of Plant Sciences, the Israel Plant Gene Bank, Agricultural Research Organization, Rishon LeZion, Israel, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Herbarium, the National Natural History Collections, Jerusalem, Israel
Westberg, E., Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, Institut für Spezielle Botanik und Botanischer Garten, Mainz, Germany
Hanin, N., Institute of Plant Sciences, the Israel Plant Gene Bank, Agricultural Research Organization, Rishon LeZion, Israel
Dag, A., Institute of Plant Sciences, Department of Fruit Tree Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Gilat Research Center, Gilat, Israel
Ben-Ari, G., Institute of Plant Sciences, Department of Fruit Trees Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Rishon LeZion, Israel
Fragman-Sapir, O., The Hebrew University, Jerusalem Botanical Gardens, Giv'at Ram, Jerusalem, Israel
Tugendhaft, Y., Institute of Plant Sciences, Department of Fruit Tree Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Gilat Research Center, Gilat, Israel, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Institute of Biochemistry, Food Science and Nutrition, Robert H, Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, Rehovot, Israel
Kerem, Z., The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Institute of Biochemistry, Food Science and Nutrition, Robert H, Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, Rehovot, Israel
Kadereit, J.W., Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, Institut für Spezielle Botanik und Botanischer Garten, Mainz, Germany
Facilitators :
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Total pages:
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Abstract:
Background: Naturally growing populations of olive trees are found in the Mediterranean garrigue and maquis in Israel. Here, we used the Simple Sequence Repeat (SSR) genetic marker technique to investigate whether these represent wild var. sylvestris. Leaf samples were collected from a total of 205 trees at six sites of naturally growing olive populations in Israel. The genetic analysis included a multi-locus lineage (MLL) analysis, Rousset's genetic distances, Fst values, private alleles, other diversity values and a Structure analysis. The analyses also included scions and suckers of old cultivated olive trees, for which the dominance of one clone in scions (MLL1) and a second in suckers (MLL7) had been shown earlier. Results: The majority of trees from a Judean Mts. population and from one population from the Galilee showed close genetic similarity to scions of old cultivated trees. Different from that, site-specific and a high number of single occurrence MLLs were found in four olive populations from the Galilee and Carmel which also were genetically more distant from old cultivated trees, had relatively high genetic diversity values and higher numbers of private alleles. Whereas in two of these populations MLL7 (and partly MLL1) were found in low frequency, the two other populations did not contain these MLLs and were very similar in their genetic structure to suckers of old cultivated olive trees that originated from sexual reproduction. Conclusions: The genetic distinctness from old cultivated olive trees, particularly of one population from Galilee and one from Carmel, suggests that trees at these sites might represent wild var. sylvestris. The similarity in genetic structure of these two populations with the suckers of old cultivated trees implies that wild trees were used as rootstocks. Alternatively, trees at these two sites may be remnants of old cultivated trees in which the scion-derived trunk died and was replaced by suckers. However, considering landscape and topographic environment at the two sites this second interpretation is less likely. © 2016 The Author(s).
Note:
Related Files :
Alleles
Genetics
Growth, Development and Aging
Historical agriculture
Israel
Olea
tree
trees
Show More
Related Content
More details
DOI :
10.1186/s12870-016-0947-5
Article number:
261
Affiliations:
Database:
Scopus
Publication Type:
Review
;
.
Language:
English
Editors' remarks:
ID:
23587
Last updated date:
02/03/2022 17:27
Creation date:
17/04/2018 00:00
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Scientific Publication
Genetic variation of naturally growing olive trees in Israel: From abandoned groves to feral and wild?
16
Barazani, O., Institute of Plant Sciences, the Israel Plant Gene Bank, Agricultural Research Organization, Rishon LeZion, Israel
Keren-Keiserman, A., Institute of Plant Sciences, the Israel Plant Gene Bank, Agricultural Research Organization, Rishon LeZion, Israel, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Herbarium, the National Natural History Collections, Jerusalem, Israel
Westberg, E., Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, Institut für Spezielle Botanik und Botanischer Garten, Mainz, Germany
Hanin, N., Institute of Plant Sciences, the Israel Plant Gene Bank, Agricultural Research Organization, Rishon LeZion, Israel
Dag, A., Institute of Plant Sciences, Department of Fruit Tree Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Gilat Research Center, Gilat, Israel
Ben-Ari, G., Institute of Plant Sciences, Department of Fruit Trees Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Rishon LeZion, Israel
Fragman-Sapir, O., The Hebrew University, Jerusalem Botanical Gardens, Giv'at Ram, Jerusalem, Israel
Tugendhaft, Y., Institute of Plant Sciences, Department of Fruit Tree Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Gilat Research Center, Gilat, Israel, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Institute of Biochemistry, Food Science and Nutrition, Robert H, Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, Rehovot, Israel
Kerem, Z., The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Institute of Biochemistry, Food Science and Nutrition, Robert H, Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, Rehovot, Israel
Kadereit, J.W., Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, Institut für Spezielle Botanik und Botanischer Garten, Mainz, Germany
Genetic variation of naturally growing olive trees in Israel: From abandoned groves to feral and wild?
Background: Naturally growing populations of olive trees are found in the Mediterranean garrigue and maquis in Israel. Here, we used the Simple Sequence Repeat (SSR) genetic marker technique to investigate whether these represent wild var. sylvestris. Leaf samples were collected from a total of 205 trees at six sites of naturally growing olive populations in Israel. The genetic analysis included a multi-locus lineage (MLL) analysis, Rousset's genetic distances, Fst values, private alleles, other diversity values and a Structure analysis. The analyses also included scions and suckers of old cultivated olive trees, for which the dominance of one clone in scions (MLL1) and a second in suckers (MLL7) had been shown earlier. Results: The majority of trees from a Judean Mts. population and from one population from the Galilee showed close genetic similarity to scions of old cultivated trees. Different from that, site-specific and a high number of single occurrence MLLs were found in four olive populations from the Galilee and Carmel which also were genetically more distant from old cultivated trees, had relatively high genetic diversity values and higher numbers of private alleles. Whereas in two of these populations MLL7 (and partly MLL1) were found in low frequency, the two other populations did not contain these MLLs and were very similar in their genetic structure to suckers of old cultivated olive trees that originated from sexual reproduction. Conclusions: The genetic distinctness from old cultivated olive trees, particularly of one population from Galilee and one from Carmel, suggests that trees at these sites might represent wild var. sylvestris. The similarity in genetic structure of these two populations with the suckers of old cultivated trees implies that wild trees were used as rootstocks. Alternatively, trees at these two sites may be remnants of old cultivated trees in which the scion-derived trunk died and was replaced by suckers. However, considering landscape and topographic environment at the two sites this second interpretation is less likely. © 2016 The Author(s).
Scientific Publication
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